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Subcellular distribution and characterization of rat pancreatic phospholipase D isoforms.

Authors: Laine, J  Bourgoin, S  Bourassa, J  Morisset, J 
Citation: Laine J, etal., Pancreas. 2000 May;20(4):323-36.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:10824686

This study was undertaken to characterize the biochemical properties of rat pancreatic phospholipase D (PLD). Based on Western blot analysis of pancreas subcellular fractions, PLD1 was detected as a protein of 120 kDa associated with the microsomal fraction, whereas PLD2 appeared as a 105-kDa protein enriched in the microvesicular fraction. In these fractions, a low level of PLD activity was measured with an exogenous substrate containing phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2), unresponsive to guanosine triphosphate (GTP)gammaS and adenosine diphosphate (ADP)-ribosylation factor (ARF). Addition of unsaturated but not saturated fatty acids stimulated an oleate-dependent PLD activity that colocalized with the PLD1 enzyme in the crude plasma membrane and microsomal fractions. The transphosphatidylation reaction was maximal with either 200-400 mM (1.2-2.3%) ethanol or 25 mM (0.23%) 1-butanol, with an optimal pH between 6.5 and 7.2. Lipids extracted from the pancreatic membranes were potent inhibitors of the HL60 cell PLD activity when compared with those isolated from HL60 cells. Oleate-dependent PLD activity was less susceptible to these inhibitions. A phospholipase A1 (PLA1) activity hydrolyzing phosphatidylethanol also was found in the pancreatic membrane fractions and was nearly absent in the HL60 cells. This activity was completely inhibited by 400 nM tetrahydrolipstatin (THL), a lipase inhibitor. Pancreatic PLD1 and PLD2 activities could be measured after a chromatographic separation from microsomal membranes and high-speed supernatants, respectively. Activities of both enzymes were inhibited by oleate and required the presence of PIP2 in the substrate vesicles. ARF1 strongly activated PLD1 in a dose-dependent manner, and PLD2 was slightly responsive. Indirect immunofluorescence revealed that PLD2 is distributed throughout the pancreas, with a more intense staining in the islets. This study presents for the first time biochemical characteristics of the pancreatic PLD activities and shows the presence of oleate-dependent PLD1 and PLD2 activities, as well as PLD1 and PLD2 proteins in this gland.


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RGD Object Information
RGD ID: 2299919
Created: 2008-08-20
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2008-08-20
Status: ACTIVE


RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.