RGD Reference Report - Hypoxia-inducible factor 1 alpha is essential for hypoxic p27 induction in endometrioid endometrial carcinoma. - Rat Genome Database

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Hypoxia-inducible factor 1 alpha is essential for hypoxic p27 induction in endometrioid endometrial carcinoma.

Authors: Horree, N  Gort, EH  Van der Groep, P  Heintz, AP  Vooijs, M  Van Diest, PJ 
Citation: Horree N, etal., J Pathol. 2008 Jan;214(1):38-45.
RGD ID: 2299091
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:17985331
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1002/path.2244

Hypoxia-inducible factor 1alpha (HIF-1alpha) plays an essential role in the adaptive response of cells to hypoxia. The cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p27(Kip1) is highly expressed in the normal endometrium but is lost during endometrial carcinogenesis. However, in high-grade cancers, p27 re-expression is observed. We analysed the role of HIF-1alpha in hypoxia-induced expression of p27 in vitro and in vivo in endometrial cancer. Paraffin-embedded specimens from endometrioid endometrial carcinoma (n = 39) were stained immunohistochemically for HIF-1alpha, p27, and Ki67. HEC1B, an endometrial carcinoma cell line, was cultured under normoxic or hypoxic conditions in the presence or absence of transiently expressed short hairpin RNAs targeting HIF-1alpha. Protein expression of p27 and HIF-1alpha was assessed by western blotting. Immunohistochemical staining revealed perinecrotic HIF-1alpha expression in 67% of the cases and p27 staining centrally in the tumour islands, mostly around necrosis, in 46% of the cases. In 50% of the tumours with perinecrotic HIF-1alpha expression, p27 and HIF-1alpha perinecrotic/central co-localization was observed. In these tumour sections, hypoxia-associated p27 expression showed less proliferation around necrosis. Analysis of cultured endometrial carcinoma cells demonstrated that p27 protein expression is induced by hypoxia. This induction was abrogated by transient knockdown of HIF-1alpha using RNAi. Furthermore, hypoxia induced cell cycle arrest in HEC1B cells. We conclude that, in endometrioid endometrial carcinoma, p27 re-expression by hypoxia is HIF-1alpha-dependent and leads to cell cycle arrest. This may contribute to the survival of cancer cells in hypoxic parts of the tumour.


Disease Annotations    

Objects Annotated

Genes (Rattus norvegicus)
Cdkn1b  (cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1B)

Genes (Mus musculus)
Cdkn1b  (cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1B)

Genes (Homo sapiens)
CDKN1B  (cyclin dependent kinase inhibitor 1B)

Additional Information