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Bevacizumab and rapamycin inhibit tumor growth in peritoneal model of human ovarian cancer.

Authors: Huynh, H  Teo, CC  Soo, KC 
Citation: Huynh H, etal., Mol Cancer Ther. 2007 Nov;6(11):2959-66.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:18025280
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1158/1535-7163.MCT-07-0237

Ovarian cancer is the leading cause of death from gynecologic cancer. Often, the disease has spread beyond the ovary to involve the peritoneal cavity and causes ascites. Whereas mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) functions to regulate protein translation, cell cycle progression, and metastasis, vascular endothelial growth factor promotes tumor angiogenesis, ascites formation, and metastasis in ovarian cancer. In this study, an i.p. model of human ovarian cancer was used to determine the antitumor activity of rapamycin, bevacizumab, and rapamycin plus bevacizumab (BEV/RAPA). We report that administration of rapamycin, bevacizumab, and BEV/RAPA in mice bearing peritoneal OV-90 ovarian carcinoma resulted in 74.6%, 82.4%, and 93.3% reduction in i.p. tumor burden, respectively. BEV/RAPA-induced reduction in microvessel density and inhibition of cell proliferation were associated with significant reduction in hypoxia-inducible factor-1alpha and cyclin D1 and inactivation of downstream targets of mTOR, p70S6 kinase, S6R, and 4E-binding protein 1. BEV/RAPA treatment was not only able to prolong life of i.p. mice but also more effective than rapamycin and bevacizumab to prevent the development of peritoneal carcinomatosis in adjuvant setting and reverse ascites accumulation in heavy peritoneal disease. Our data indicate that simultaneous inhibition of the vascular endothelial growth factor receptor and mTOR pathways with BEV/RAPA or their analogues may represent a novel approach for prevention of metastasis, recurrence, and treatment of ovarian cancer.

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RGD Object Information
RGD ID: 2296036
Created: 2008-06-24
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2008-06-24
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.