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Circadian binding activity of AP-1, a regulator of the arylalkylamine N-acetyltransferase gene in the rat pineal gland, depends on circadian Fra-2, c-Jun, and Jun-D expression and is regulated by the clock's zeitgebers.

Authors: Guillaumond, F  Sage, D  Deprez, P  Bosler, O  Becquet, D  Francois-Bellan, AM 
Citation: Guillaumond F, etal., J Neurochem. 2000 Oct;75(4):1398-407.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:10987819

The daily rhythm in circulating melatonin is driven by a circadian rhythm in the expression of the arylalkylamine N:-acetyltransferase gene in the rat pineal gland. Turning off expression of this gene at the end of night is believed to involve inhibitory transcription factors, among which Fos-related antigen 2 (Fra-2) appears as a good candidate. Circadian rhythms in the expression of three proteins of activating protein-1 (AP-1) complexes, namely, Fra-2, c-Jun, and Jun-D, are shown here to account for circadian variations in AP-1 binding activity. Quantitative variations in the Fra-2 component over the circadian cycle were associated with qualitative variations in protein isoforms. Destruction of the suprachiasmatic nucleus resulted in decreased nocturnal AP-1 activity, showing that AP-1 circadian rhythm is driven by this nucleus. Exposure to light during subjective night and administration of a serotonin 5-HT(1A)/5-HT(7) receptor agonist during subjective day, respectively, induced a 50% decrease and a 50% increase in both AP-1 and Fra-2 expression. These effects were impaired by suprachiasmatic nucleus lesions. These data show that pineal AP-1 binding activity, which results from Fra-2 expression, can be modulated by light and serotonin through the suprachiasmatic nucleus according to a "phase dependence" that is characteristic of the rhythm of clock sensitivity to both zeitgebers.


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RGD Object Information
RGD ID: 2293795
Created: 2008-06-13
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2008-06-13
Status: ACTIVE


RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.