RGD Reference Report - Microphthalmia and cataract in rats with a novel point mutation in connexin 50 - L7Q. - Rat Genome Database
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Microphthalmia and cataract in rats with a novel point mutation in connexin 50 - L7Q.

Authors: Liska, F  Chylikova, B  Martinek, J  Kren, V 
Citation: Liska F, etal., Mol Vis. 2008 May 7;14:823-8.
RGD ID: 2293186
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:18470322

PURPOSE: We isolated an autosomal semi-dominant cataract from our inbred SHR/OlaIpcv rat colony. Heterozygotes express pulverulent cataract with smaller eyes; homozygotes express marked microphthalmia with hypoplastic lens. We call this mutation Dca (for dominant cataract). In this study, we focus on the identification of the responsible gene. METHODS: We performed linkage mapping using 93 F2(SHR-Dca x PD) hybrids and a panel of microsatellite markers. In a separate group of animals with a SHR genetic background, we examined the lenses histologically using Epon semi-thin sections and toluidine blue staining. We also assessed the weight of the eyes as an immediate measure for microphthalmia. RESULTS: We mapped the Dca gene to chromosome 2, spanning 8.6 Mbp between markers D2Rat134 and D2Rat186. By sequencing the most plausible candidate gene, Gja8 (coding for connexin 50), we found a T to A transversion at codon 7, leading to a substitution of glutamine for leucin (L7Q). L7Q lies within the NH(2)-terminal cytosolic domain, presumably involved in voltage gating. Histology revealed disturbances in cell to cell contacts in the lens. CONCLUSIONS: L7Q is a novel mutation in connexin 50 (Gja8), causing semi-dominant pulverulent cataracts. Dca rats can serve as a model for cataract development. A study on the properties of the mutant protein may offer an insight into the connexin channel function.


Disease Annotations    

Phenotype Annotations    

Mammalian Phenotype
Objects Annotated

Genes (Rattus norvegicus)
Gja8  (gap junction protein, alpha 8)
Gja8m1Cub  (gap junction protein, alpha 8; mutant 1 Cub)

Genes (Mus musculus)
Gja8  (gap junction protein, alpha 8)

Genes (Homo sapiens)
GJA8  (gap junction protein alpha 8)

SHR-Gja8m1Cub  (NA)

Additional Information