RGD Reference Report - Polymorphisms of the endothelial nitric oxide synthase gene in women with vulvar cancer. - Rat Genome Database

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Polymorphisms of the endothelial nitric oxide synthase gene in women with vulvar cancer.

Authors: Riener, EK  Hefler, LA  Grimm, C  Galid, A  Zeillinger, R  Tong-Cacsire, D  Gitsch, G  Leodolter, S  Tempfer, CB 
Citation: Riener EK, etal., Gynecol Oncol. 2004 Jun;93(3):686-90.
RGD ID: 2292078
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:15196865
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1016/j.ygyno.2004.03.030

OBJECTIVE: Nitric oxide (NO) is involved in angiogenesis and tumor growth. We attempted to establish an association between two polymorphisms of the endothelial nitric oxide synthase (NOS3) gene and vulvar cancer. METHODS: We used peripheral venous blood sampling, DNA extraction, and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and pyrosequencing to genotype 68 women with vulvar cancer and 227 healthy Caucasian women for the presence of the intron 4 27-bp-repeat [NOS3*A] and exon 7 Glu298Asp polymorphisms. RESULTS: The presence of a polymorphic NOS3*A allele (26.2% vs. 24.6%; OR: 1.01; 95% CI: 0.6-2.0; P = 0.9) or a polymorphic NOS3 exon 7 Glu298Asp allele (41.2% vs. 53.7%; OR: 0.6; 95% CI: 0.3-1.0; P = 0.09) was not associated with vulvar cancer. Within the vulvar cancer group, the presence of a polymorphic NOS3*A or a polymorphic NOS3 exon 7 Glu298Asp allele was not associated with clinico-pathological parameters such as advanced tumor stage, groin lymph node involvement, tumor grading, and age at diagnosis. Survival analysis demonstrated that the presence of a polymorphic NOS3*A allele was associated with a significantly reduced disease-free survival time (P = 0.03), whereas the presence of the polymorphic NOS3 exon 7 Glu298Asp allele was not associated with disease-free survival (P = 0.5). CONCLUSIONS: We are the first to report on NOS3 polymorphisms in vulvar cancer. We found that allelic variation within intron 4, but not ithin exon 7 of NOS3, influences the length of disease-free survival, but not the biological phenotype of vulvar cancer.

Annotation

Disease Annotations    
vulva cancer  (IAGP,ISO)

Objects Annotated

Genes (Rattus norvegicus)
Nos3  (nitric oxide synthase 3)

Genes (Mus musculus)
Nos3  (nitric oxide synthase 3, endothelial cell)

Genes (Homo sapiens)
NOS3  (nitric oxide synthase 3)


Additional Information