RGD Reference Report - Biochemical and immunochemical characterisation of human diadenosine triphosphatase provides evidence for its identification with the tumour suppressor Fhit protein. - Rat Genome Database

Send us a Message



Submit Data |  Help |  Video Tutorials |  News |  Publications |  Download |  REST API |  Citing RGD |  Contact   

Biochemical and immunochemical characterisation of human diadenosine triphosphatase provides evidence for its identification with the tumour suppressor Fhit protein.

Authors: Asensio, AC  Rodriguez-Ferrer, CR  Oaknin, S  Rotllan, P 
Citation: Asensio AC, etal., Biochimie. 2006 May;88(5):461-71. Epub 2005 Nov 15.
RGD ID: 2289929
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:16359767
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1016/j.biochi.2005.10.006

We describe here the purification and characterisation of the human enzyme diadenosine triphosphatase isolated from human platelets and leukocytes, offering biochemical and immunochemical evidence to identify this enzyme with the novel tumour suppressor Fhit protein, a homodimer composed of approximately 17 kDa monomers. It catalyses the Mg(2+)-dependent hydrolysis of diadenosine triphosphate, Ap(3)A, to AMP+ADP. The fluorogenic substrate di-ethenoadenosine triphosphate, epsilon-(Ap(3)A), and Fhit antibodies were used for enzymatic and immunochemical characterisations, respectively. Human Ap(3)Aase presents a native molecular mass of approximately 32 kDa and no significant differences were found in K(m) values (2 microM), activating effects by Mg(2+), Ca(2+), and Mn(2+), optimum pH (7.0-7.2) or inhibition by Zn(2+) and diethyl pyrocarbonate between the human enzyme and the recombinant Fhit protein. Suramin is a very potent competitive inhibitor of both human Ap(3)Aase and Fhit protein with K(i) values in the range 20-30 nM. Both human and rat Ap(3)Aase activity co-purifies with Fhit immunoreactivity under gel filtration, ion-exchange and affinity chromatography. Homogeneous human Ap(3)Aase preparations analysed by SDS-PAGE and Western blot analysis with Fhit antibodies elicit immunochemical responses corresponding to a approximately 17 kDa polypeptide, indicating a dimeric structure for the enzyme Ap(3)Aase. The strong inhibition of Fhit enzyme by the drug suramin, supports the need to investigate the therapeutic potential of Fhit-Ap(3)Aase mediated by its interaction with suramin or related drugs.

Annotation

Gene Ontology Annotations    

Biological Process

Cellular Component
cytosol  (IDA)

Molecular Function

Objects Annotated

Genes (Rattus norvegicus)
Fhit  (fragile histidine triad diadenosine triphosphatase)


Additional Information