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MicroRNA-152 attenuates neuroinflammation in intracerebral hemorrhage by inhibiting thioredoxin interacting protein (TXNIP)-mediated NLRP3 inflammasome activation.

Authors: Hu, Liuting  Zhang, Heyu  Wang, Bingyang  Ao, Qiang  He, Zhiyi 
Citation: Hu L, etal., Int Immunopharmacol. 2020 Jan 23;80:106141. doi: 10.1016/j.intimp.2019.106141.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:31982825
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1016/j.intimp.2019.106141

Neuroinflammation significantly contributes to brain injury and neurological deterioration following intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). MicroRNA-152(miR-152) was reported to be downregulated in ICH patients and to possess anti-inflammatory properties in other diseases. In this study, we aimed to explore the role of miR-152 in ICH, and the underlying mechanisms, using a collagenase-induced rat ICH model and hemin-exposure as a cell model. We first confirmed that miR-152 was consistently downregulated in both models. Overexpression of miR-152 in microglial BV2 cells reduced hemin-induced inflammatory response and reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation, thus protecting co-cultured neuronal HT22 cells. Moreover, overexpression of miR-152 by intracerebroventricular lentivirus injection in ICH rats significantly alleviated neurodecifits, brain edema, and hematoma. These changes were associated with a marked reduction in ICH-induced neuronal death, as detected by co-staining of NeuN and TUNEL, and ICH-induced neuroinflammation, as revealed by inflammatory cytokine levels as well as by the number of Iba1 positive-stained cells in the perihematomal region. Mechanistically, miR-152 significantly inhibited ICH-induced TXNIP expression, and its overexpression blocked the interaction between TXNIP and NOD-like receptor pyrin domain containing 3(NLRP3), thus inhibiting NLRP3-driven inflammasome activation to attenuate neuroinflammation in vivo and in vitro. Moreover, the results of si-TXNIP transfection further confirmed that TXNIP inhibition was involved in the reduction of NLRP3 inflammasome activation by the overexpression of miR-152. Collectively, the present study demonstrates that miR-152 confers protection against ICH-induced neuroinflammation and brain injury by inhibiting TXNIP-mediated NLRP3 inflammasome activation, indicating a potential strategy for ICH treatment.

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RGD Object Information
RGD ID: 21066340
Created: 2020-02-10
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2020-02-10
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.