RGD Reference Report - Role of ammonia and nitric oxide in the decrease in plasma prolactin levels in prehepatic portal hypertensive male rats. - Rat Genome Database

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Role of ammonia and nitric oxide in the decrease in plasma prolactin levels in prehepatic portal hypertensive male rats.

Authors: Scorticati, C  Perazzo, JC  Rettori, V  McCann, SM  De Laurentiis, A 
Citation: Scorticati C, etal., Neuroimmunomodulation. 2006;13(3):152-9. Epub 2006 Nov 21.
RGD ID: 1642556
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:17119344
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1159/000097260

OBJECTIVES: Since very little is known about neuroendocrine changes that occur in portal-systemic hepatic encephalopathy, we studied plasma prolactin (PRL) levels and the involvement of hyperammonemia, nitric oxide (NO) and dopaminergic and adrenergic systems in the control of this hormone secretion in a male rat model of prehepatic portal hypertension (PH). METHODS: We conducted in vivo studies to determine plasma ammonia and PRL levels. Dopamine (DA), dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC), epinephrine and norepinephrine content in medial basal hypothalamus (MBH) and anterior pituitary (AP) were measured. In addition, NO synthase (NOS) activity and protein expression were evaluated in APs. In in vitro studies, the APs from intact rats were incubated with different doses of ammonia and PRL secretion was determined. In ex vivo studies, the APs from normal and PH rats were incubated in the presence of ammonia and/or a NOS inhibitor, NG-nitro-L-arginine-methyl ester (L-NAME) and PRL secretion was determined. RESULTS: PH rats had a significant increase in plasma ammonia levels (p < 0.001) and a decrease in plasma PRL levels (p < 0.05). Neither DA nor DOPAC content or DOPAC/DA ratios were modified in both MBH and APs; however, we observed a significant increase in norepinephrine content in both MBH and AP (p < 0.001 and p < 0.05, respectively) and a significant increase in epinephrine in APs (p < 0.001). Moreover, PH produced an increase in NOS activity (p < 0.01) and NOS protein expression (p < 0.0001) in APs. The ammonia (100 microM) significantly reduced PRL secretion from APs in vitro (p < 0.05). The presence of L-NAME, an inhibitor of NOS, abrogated the inhibitory effect of ammonia on PRL secretion from APs from control and PH rats. CONCLUSIONS: We found that plasma PRL levels were decreased in PH rats probably due to the high ammonia levels. The central noradrenergic system could also mediate this decrease. Also, the increase in NOS activity and/or content in AP induced NO production that directly inhibited PRL secretion from the AP, without the participation of the dopaminergic system.


Disease Annotations    

Objects Annotated

Genes (Rattus norvegicus)
Prl  (prolactin)

Genes (Mus musculus)
Prl  (prolactin)

Genes (Homo sapiens)
PRL  (prolactin)

Additional Information