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Cytosolic phospholipase A2 mediates neuronal apoptosis induced by soluble oligomers of the amyloid-beta peptide.

Authors: Kriem, B  Sponne, I  Fifre, A  Malaplate-Armand, C  Lozac'h-Pillot, K  Koziel, V  Yen-Potin, FT  Bihain, B  Oster, T  Olivier, JL  Pillot, T 
Citation: Kriem B, etal., FASEB J. 2005 Jan;19(1):85-7. Epub 2004 Oct 14.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:15486059
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1096/fj.04-1807fje

Recent data have revealed that soluble oligomeric forms of amyloid peptide (Abeta) may be the proximate effectors of the neuronal injury and death occurring in Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, the molecular mechanisms associated with the neuronal cell death induced by the nonfibrillar Abeta remain to be elucidated. In this study, we investigated the role of the cytosolic Ca2+-dependent phospholipase A2 (cPLA2), and its associated metabolic pathway, i.e., the arachidonic acid (AA) cascade, in the apoptotic cell death induced by soluble oligomers of Abeta. The treatment of rat cortical neurons with low concentrations of soluble Abeta(1-40) or Abeta(1-42) peptide resulted in an early calcium-dependent release of AA associated with a transient relocalization of cPLA2. Both cPLA2 antisense oligonucleotides and a selective inhibitor of cPLA2 activity abolished the release of AA from neurons and also protected cells against apoptosis induced by Abeta. Furthermore, inhibitors of the PKC, p38, and MEK/ERK pathways that are involved in cPLA2 phosphorylation and activation reduced Abeta-induced cell death. Finally, we demonstrate that inhibitors of cyclooxygenase-2 reduced the Abeta-induced cell death by 55%. Our studies suggest a novel neuronal response of soluble oligomers of Abeta, which occurs through a cPLA2 signaling cascade and an AA-dependent death pathway. This may prove to be crucial in AD processes and could provide important targets for drug development.

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RGD Object Information
RGD ID: 1642463
Created: 2007-09-18
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2007-09-18
Status: ACTIVE



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