RGD Reference Report - Macrophage-derived matrix metalloproteinase-2 and -9 promote the progression of cerebral aneurysms in rats. - Rat Genome Database
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Macrophage-derived matrix metalloproteinase-2 and -9 promote the progression of cerebral aneurysms in rats.

Authors: Aoki, T  Kataoka, H  Morimoto, M  Nozaki, K  Hashimoto, N 
Citation: Aoki T, etal., Stroke. 2007 Jan;38(1):162-9. Epub 2006 Nov 22.
RGD ID: 1642055
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:17122420
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1161/01.STR.0000252129.18605.c8

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Mechanisms of initiation, progression and rupture of cerebral aneurysms have not yet been fully understood despite its clinical significance. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are a family of proteinases which are involved in the remodeling of vascular walls. In the present study, we investigated the significance of MMPs in the progression of cerebral aneurysms. METHODS: Cerebral aneurysms were experimentally induced in 7-week-old male Sprague-Dawley rats. MMP-2 and MMP-9 expression was examined by immunohistochemistry and RT-PCR. Gelatinase activity in aneurysmal walls was assessed by in situ zymography. A selective inhibitor for MMP-2, -9 and -12, tolylsam, was used to examine the effect of inhibition of MMP-2 and MMP-9. RESULTS: Macrophages infiltrated in arterial walls of experimentally induced rat cerebral aneurysms and expressed MMP-2 and -9. Macrophage infiltration and MMP expression was increased with the progression of aneurysms. Gelatinase activity attributable to MMP-2 and MMP-9 increased in arterial walls of rat cerebral aneurysms. Furthermore, tolylsam reduced the ratio of advanced aneurysms in our rat model. CONCLUSIONS: These data suggest that macrophage-derived MMP-2 and -9 may play an important role in the progression of cerebral aneurysms. The findings of this study will shed a new light into the pathogenesis of cerebral aneurysms and highlight the importance of inflammatory response causing the degeneration of extracellular matrix in the process of this disease.


Disease Annotations    

Objects Annotated

Genes (Rattus norvegicus)
Mmp9  (matrix metallopeptidase 9)

Genes (Mus musculus)
Mmp9  (matrix metallopeptidase 9)

Genes (Homo sapiens)
MMP9  (matrix metallopeptidase 9)

Additional Information