RGD Reference Report - Electrostatic association of glutathione transferase to the nuclear membrane. Evidence of an enzyme defense barrier at the nuclear envelope. - Rat Genome Database

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Electrostatic association of glutathione transferase to the nuclear membrane. Evidence of an enzyme defense barrier at the nuclear envelope.

Authors: Stella, L  Pallottini, V  Moreno, S  Leoni, S  De Maria, F  Turella, P  Federici, G  Fabrini, R  Dawood, KF  Bello, ML  Pedersen, JZ  Ricci, G 
Citation: Stella L, etal., J Biol Chem. 2007 Mar 2;282(9):6372-9. Epub 2006 Dec 30.
RGD ID: 1641938
Pubmed: PMID:17197701   (View Abstract at PubMed)
DOI: DOI:10.1074/jbc.M609906200   (Journal Full-text)

The possible nuclear compartmentalization of glutathione S-transferase (GST) isoenzymes has been the subject of contradictory reports. The discovery that the dinitrosyl-diglutathionyl-iron complex binds tightly to Alpha class GSTs in rat hepatocytes and that a significant part of the bound complex is also associated with the nuclear fraction (Pedersen, J. Z., De Maria, F., Turella, P., Federici, G., Mattei, M., Fabrini, R., Dawood, K. F., Massimi, M., Caccuri, A. M., and Ricci, G. (2007) J. Biol. Chem. 282, 6364-6371) prompted us to reconsider the nuclear localization of GSTs in these cells. Surprisingly, we found that a considerable amount of GSTs corresponding to 10% of the cytosolic pool is electrostatically associated with the outer nuclear membrane, and a similar quantity is compartmentalized inside the nucleus. Mainly Alpha class GSTs, in particular GSTA1-1, GSTA2-2, and GSTA3-3, are involved in this double modality of interaction. Confocal microscopy, immunofluorescence experiments, and molecular modeling have been used to detail the electrostatic association in hepatocytes and liposomes. A quantitative analysis of the membrane-bound Alpha GSTs suggests the existence of a multilayer assembly of these enzymes at the outer nuclear envelope that could represent an amazing novelty in cell physiology. The interception of potentially noxious compounds to prevent DNA damage could be the possible physiological role of the perinuclear and intranuclear localization of Alpha GSTs.

Gene Ontology Annotations    Click to see Annotation Detail View

Molecular Function
TermQualifierEvidenceWithReferenceNotesSourceOriginal Reference(s)
dinitrosyl-iron complex binding  IDA 1641938 RGD 
dinitrosyl-iron complex binding  IPIdinitrosyl-iron complex1641938 RGD 

Molecular Pathway Annotations    Click to see Annotation Detail View

RGD Manual Annotations

Objects Annotated

Genes (Rattus norvegicus)
Gsta1  (glutathione S-transferase alpha 1)
Gsta2  (glutathione S-transferase alpha 2)

Genes (Mus musculus)
Gsta1  (glutathione S-transferase, alpha 1 (Ya))
Gsta2  (glutathione S-transferase, alpha 2 (Yc2))

Genes (Homo sapiens)
GSTA1  (glutathione S-transferase alpha 1)
GSTA2  (glutathione S-transferase alpha 2)
GSTA3  (glutathione S-transferase alpha 3)

Additional Information