RGD Reference Report - The interdependence of glycolytic and pentose cycle intermediates in ad libitum fed rats. - Rat Genome Database

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The interdependence of glycolytic and pentose cycle intermediates in ad libitum fed rats.

Authors: Casazza, JP  Veech, RL 
Citation: Casazza JP and Veech RL, J Biol Chem. 1986 Jan 15;261(2):690-8.
RGD ID: 1641816
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:3079759

Equilibrium constants for reactions catalyzed by ribulose-5-phosphate 3-epimerase, [sigma xylulose-5-P]/[sigma ribulose-5-P] = 1.82, ribose-5-phosphate isomerase, [sigma Rib-5-P]/[sigma ribulose-5-P] = 1.20, transaldolase, [sigma erythrose-4-P] [sigma Fru-6-P]/[sigma sedoheptulose-7-P] [sigma glyceraldehyde 3-P] = 0.37, and transketolase, [sigma Fru-6-P] [sigma glyceraldehyde 3-P]/[sigma erythrose-4-P] [sigma xylulose-5-P] = 29.7 and [sigma Rib-5-P] [sigma xylulose-5-P]/[sigma sedoheptulose-7-P] [sigma glyceraldehyde 3-P] = 0.48, were redetermined under physiological conditions. The equilibrium constant for the combined glucose-6-P dehydrogenase and 6-phosphoglucono-gamma-lactonase reaction, [6-phosphogluconate3-] [NADPH] [H+]2/[Glc-6-P2-] [NADP+], was found to be at least 1 X 10(-9). Using these redetermined equilibrium constants, calculated values of pentose cycle intermediates, based on near equilibrium assumptions and the tissue content of Fru-6-P and glyceraldehyde 3-P, were found to be in good agreement with measured values for male Wistar rats injected with saline, 20 mumol/g pyruvate, 20 mumol/g gluconate, and 20 mumol/g ribose. Measured and calculated values for pentose cycle intermediates in saline injected animals were ribulose-5-P; 3.8 +/- 0.4 and 2.4 +/- 0.1 nmol/g; xylulose-5-P, 5.9 +/- 0.6 nmol/g and 4.3 +/- 0.2 nmol/g; sedoheptulose-7-P, 41.5 +/- 2.4 and 37.6 +/- 2.9 nmol/g; and combined sedopheptulose-7-P and Rib-5-P, 43.0 +/- 2.8 nmol/g and 40.5 +/- 3.0 nmol/g; liver content of erythrose-4-P was less than the detection limits of the assay, 2 nmol/g. Calculated erythrose-4-P was 0.23 +/- 0.01 nmol/g. Liver content of 6-phosphogluconate was 8.5 +/- 0.7 nmol/g. The free cytosolic [NADP+]/[NADPH] ratio calculated from the 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase redox couple, 0.0030 +/- 0.0002, was also in good agreement with that calculated from the malic enzyme redox couple, 0.0051 +/- 0.0007, and the isocitrate dehydrogenase redox couple, 0.0066 +/- 0.0008. These data indicate the interdependence of the liver content of glycolytic intermediates and pentose cycle intermediates in ad libitum fed rats.

Annotation

Gene Ontology Annotations    

Biological Process

Molecular Function

Objects Annotated

Genes (Rattus norvegicus)
Rpe  (ribulose-5-phosphate-3-epimerase)
Rpia  (ribose 5-phosphate isomerase A)
Taldo1  (transaldolase 1)
Tkt  (transketolase)

Objects referenced in this article
Gene Unc80 unc-80 homolog, NALCN channel complex subunit Rattus norvegicus

Additional Information