RGD Reference Report - Comparative proteome analysis of serum from acute pulmonary embolism rat model for biomarker discovery. - Rat Genome Database

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Comparative proteome analysis of serum from acute pulmonary embolism rat model for biomarker discovery.

Authors: Li, SQ  Yun, J  Xue, FB  Bai, CQ  Yang, SG  Que, HP  Zhao, X  Wu, Z  Wang, Y  Liu, SJ 
Citation: Li SQ, etal., J Proteome Res. 2007 Jan;6(1):150-9.
RGD ID: 1626365
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:17203959
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1021/pr0603102

Pulmonary embolism (PE) is a common, potentially fatal disease and its diagnosis is challenging because clinical signs and symptoms are nonspecific. In this study, to investigate protein alterations of a rat PE model, total serum proteins collected at different time points were separated by two-dimensional electrophoresis (2-DE) and identified using matrix assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS). Bioinformatics analysis of 24 differentially expressed proteins showed that 20 had corresponding protein candidates in the database. According to their properties and obvious alterations after PE, changes of serum concentrations of Hp, Fn, DBP, RBP, and TTR were selected to be reidentified by western blot analysis. Semiquantitative RT-PCR showed DBP, RBP, and TTR to be down-regulated at mRNA levels in livers but not in lung tissues. The low serum concentrations of DBP, RBP, and TTR resulted in the up-regulation of 25(OH)D3, vitamin A, and FT4 (ligands of DBP, RBP, and TTR) after acute PE in rat models. The serum levels of Hp and Fn were detected in patients with DVT/PE and controls to explore their diagnostic prospects in acute PE because the mRNA levels of Hp and Fn were found to be up-regulated both in lung tissues and in livers after acute PE. Our data suggested that the concentration of serum Fn in controls was 79.42 +/- 31.57 microg/L, whereas that of PE/DVT patients was 554.43 +/- 136.18 microg/L (P < 0.001), and that the concentration of serum Hp in controls was 824.37 +/- 235.24 mg/L, whereas that of PE/DVT patients was 2063.48 +/- 425.38 mg/L (P < 0.001). The experimental PE rat model selected in this study was more similar to the clinical process than the other existing PE animal models, and the findings indicated instant changes of serum proteins within 48 h after acute PE. The exploration of these differentially expressed proteins or their combination with existent markers such as D-dimer may greatly improve the accuracy of the diagnosis of acute PE, but diagnostic tests are still needed to evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of these markers and also the number of false positives and false negatives.

Annotation

Disease Annotations    

Objects Annotated

Genes (Rattus norvegicus)
Hp  (haptoglobin)

Genes (Mus musculus)
Hp  (haptoglobin)

Genes (Homo sapiens)
HP  (haptoglobin)


Additional Information