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The haplotypes of the IRS-2 gene affect insulin sensitivity in Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes.

Authors: Okazawa, K  Yoshimasa, Y  Miyamoto, Y  Takahashi-Yasuno, A  Miyawaki, T  Masuzaki, H  Hayashi, T  Hosoda, K  Inoue, G  Nakao, K 
Citation: Okazawa K, etal., Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2005 Apr;68(1):39-48.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:15811564
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1016/j.diabres.2004.08.009

A commonly occurring nucleotide polymorphism of the insulin-receptor substrate 2 (IRS-2) gene at amino acid 1057 from Glycine to Asparaginic acid (G1057D) was recently shown to be a determinant of insulin sensitivity in both glucose-tolerant individuals and those with type 2 diabetes. With respect to the latter, the IRS-2 D1057 allele increase the risk of insulin resistance among obese individuals. After we reconstructed haplotypes from the G1057D variant and the -769C/T replacement that was newly identified, we investigated the possibility that the IRS-2 gene affects insulin sensitivity in Japanese glucose-tolerant subjects (n = 260) and type 2 diabetic patients (n = 123). We did not find that the D1057 allele and haplotype pairs were associated with the risk of diabetes. However, type 2 diabetic patients, particularly obese patients, carrying the D1057 allele and the CA haplotype were associated with insulin resistance. Furthermore, we suggested that the TG and CG haplotypes might have a protective role against insulin resistance. This observation raises the possibility that both the IRS-2 D1057 allele and the CA haplotype are useful genetic markers for identifying obese individuals who are particularly susceptible to insulin resistance.

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RGD Object Information
RGD ID: 1625025
Created: 2007-05-17
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2007-05-17
Status: ACTIVE



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