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TNFR1 mediates increased neuronal membrane EAAT3 expression after in vivo cerebral ischemic preconditioning.

Authors: Pradillo, JM  Hurtado, O  Romera, C  Cardenas, A  Fernandez-Tome, P  Alonso-Escolano, D  Lorenzo, P  Moro, MA  Lizasoain, I 
Citation: Pradillo JM, etal., Neuroscience. 2006;138(4):1171-8. Epub 2006 Jan 25.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:16442237
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1016/j.neuroscience.2005.12.010

A short ischemic event (ischemic preconditioning) can result in subsequent resistance to severe ischemic injury (ischemic tolerance). Glutamate is released after ischemia and produces cell death. It has been described that after ischemic preconditioning, the release of glutamate is reduced. We have shown that an in vitro model of ischemic preconditioning produces upregulation of glutamate transporters which mediates brain tolerance. We have now decided to investigate whether ischemic preconditioning-induced glutamate transporter upregulation takes also place in vivo, its cellular localization and the mechanisms by which this upregulation is controlled. A period of 10 min of temporary middle cerebral artery occlusion was used as a model of ischemic preconditioning in rat. EAAT1, EAAT2 and EAAT3 glutamate transporters were found in brain from control animals. Ischemic preconditioning produced an up-regulation of EAAT2 and EAAT3 but not of EAAT1 expression. Ischemic preconditioning-induced increase in EAAT3 expression was reduced by the TNF-alpha converting enzyme inhibitor BB1101. Intracerebral administration of either anti-TNF-alpha antibody or of a TNFR1 antisense oligodeoxynucleotide also inhibited ischemic preconditioning-induced EAAT3 up-regulation. Immunohistochemical studies suggest that, whereas the expression of EAAT3 is located in both neuronal cytoplasm and plasma membrane, ischemic preconditioning-induced up-regulation of EAAT3 is mainly localized at the plasma membrane level. In summary, these results demonstrate that in vivo ischemic preconditioning increases the expression of EAAT2 and EAAT3 glutamate transporters the upregulation of the latter being at least partly mediated by TNF-alpha converting enzyme/TNF-alpha/TNFR1 pathway.

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RGD Object Information
RGD ID: 1624184
Created: 2007-05-03
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2007-05-03
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.