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Cl- interference with the epithelial Na+ channel ENaC.

Authors: Bachhuber, T  Konig, J  Voelcker, T  Murle, B  Schreiber, R  Kunzelmann, K 
Citation: Bachhuber T, etal., J Biol Chem. 2005 Sep 9;280(36):31587-94. Epub 2005 Jul 18.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:16027156
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1074/jbc.M504347200

The cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) is a protein kinase A and ATP-regulated Cl- channel that also controls the activity of other membrane transport proteins, such as the epithelial Na+ channel ENaC. Previous studies demonstrated that cytosolic domains of ENaC are critical for down-regulation of ENaC by CFTR, whereas others suggested a role of cytosolic Cl- ions. We therefore examined in detail the anion dependence of ENaC and the role of its cytosolic domains for the inhibition by CFTR and the Cl- channel CLC-0. Coexpression of rat ENaC with human CFTR or the human Cl- channel CLC-0 caused inhibition of amiloride-sensitive Na+ currents after cAMP-dependent stimulation and in the presence of a 100 mM bath Cl- concentration. After activation of CFTR by 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine and forskolin or expression of CLC-0, the intracellular Cl- concentration was increased in Xenopus oocytes in the presence of a high bath Cl- concentration, which inhibited ENaC without changing surface expression of alpha beta gammaENaC. In contrast, a 5 mM bath Cl- concentration reduced the cytosolic Cl- concentration and enhanced ENaC activity. ENaC was also inhibited by injection of Cl- into oocytes and in inside/out macropatches by exposure to high cytosolic Cl- concentrations. The effect of Cl- was mimicked by Br-, Br-, NO3(-), and I-. Inhibition by Cl- was reduced in trimeric channels with a truncated COOH terminus of betaENaC and gammaENaC, and it was no longer detected in dimeric alpha deltaCbeta ENaC channels. Deletion of the NH2 terminus of alpha-, beta-, or gammaENaC, mutations in the NH2-terminal phosphatidylinositol bisphosphate-binding domain of betaENaC and gammaEnaC, and activation of phospholipase C, all reduced ENaC activity but allowed for Cl(-)-dependent inhibition of the remaining ENaC current. The results confirm a role of the carboxyl terminus of betaENaC for Cl(-)-dependent inhibition of the Na+ channel, which, however, may only be part of a complex regulation of ENaC by CFTR.

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RGD Object Information
RGD ID: 1624162
Created: 2007-05-03
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2007-05-03
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.