RGD Reference Report - Expression of parathyroid hormone-related peptide and insulin-like growth factor I during rat fracture healing. - Rat Genome Database

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Expression of parathyroid hormone-related peptide and insulin-like growth factor I during rat fracture healing.

Authors: Okazaki, K  Jingushi, S  Ikenoue, T  Urabe, K  Sakai, H  Iwamoto, Y 
Citation: Okazaki K, etal., J Orthop Res. 2003 May;21(3):511-20.
RGD ID: 1601570
Pubmed: PMID:12706025   (View Abstract at PubMed)
DOI: DOI:10.1016/S0736-0266(02)00161-4   (Journal Full-text)

Parathyroid hormone-related peptide (PTHrP) and insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) are both involved in the regulation of bone and cartilage metabolisms and their interaction has been reported in osteoblasts. To investigate the interaction of PTHrP and IGF-I during fracture healing, the expression of mRNA for PTHrP and IGF-I, and receptors for PTH/PTHrP and IGF were examined during rat femoral fracture healing using an in situ hybridization method and an immunohistochemistry method, respectively. During intramembranous ossification, PTHrP mRNA, IGF-I mRNA and IGF receptors were detected in preosteoblasts, differentiated osteoblasts and osteocytes in the newly formed trabecular bone. PTH/PTHrP receptors were markedly detected in osteoblasts and osteocytes, but only barely so in preosteoblasts. During cartilaginous callus formation, PTHrP mRNA was expressed by mesenchymal cells and proliferating chondrocytes. PTH/PTHrP receptors were detected in proliferating chondrocytes and early hypertrophic chondrocytes. IGF-I mRNA and IGF receptor were co-expressed by mesenchymal cells, proliferating chondrocytes, and early hypertrophic chondrocytes. At the endochondral ossification front, osteoblasts were positive for PTHrP and IGF-I mRNA as well as their receptors. These results suggest that IGF-I is involved in cell proliferation or differentiation in mesenchymal cells, periosteal cells, osteoblasts and chondrocytes in an autocrine and/or paracrine fashion. Furthermore, PTHrP may be involved in primary callus formation presumably co-operating with IGF-I in osteoblasts and osteocytes, and by regulating chondrocyte differentiation in endochondral ossification.

Gene Ontology Annotations    Click to see Annotation Detail View

Biological Process

Object SymbolSpeciesTermQualifierEvidenceWithNotesSourceOriginal Reference(s)
PthlhRatosteoblast development  TAS  RGD 

Objects Annotated

Genes (Rattus norvegicus)
Pthlh  (parathyroid hormone-like hormone)

Additional Information