RGD Reference Report - Role of macrophages in nephrolithiasis in rats: an analysis of the renal interstitium. - Rat Genome Database

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Role of macrophages in nephrolithiasis in rats: an analysis of the renal interstitium.

Authors: De Water, R  Noordermeer, C  Houtsmuller, AB  Nigg, AL  Stijnen, T  Schroder, FH  Kok, DJ 
Citation: de Water R, etal., Am J Kidney Dis. 2000 Sep;36(3):615-25.
RGD ID: 1600710
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:10977795
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1053/ajkd.2000.16203

Interstitial calcium oxalate (CaOx) crystals can be found in primary oxalosis and in secondary hyperoxaluria. In a rat model for nephrolithiasis, we investigated whether such crystals can be removed by the surrounding interstitial cells. CaOx crystals were induced by a crystal-inducing diet based on ethylene glycol (EG) and ammonium chloride (CID). Both lithogenic compounds were added to the drinking water. After 9 days, the animals received normal drinking water for 2 days. Using this CID, only the interstitial crystals are retained. Subsequently, half of the population remained on normal drinking water (normo-oxaluria), whereas the other half received a low dose of EG alone (chronic hyperoxaluria). The rats were killed at regular times thereafter. The results showed that the kidney-associated oxalate significantly declined during normo-oxaluria, but remained high during chronic hyperoxaluria. Interstitial cells positive for the leukocyte common antigen (CD45; which identifies all types of leukocytes), the ED1 antigen (which is specific for monocytes and macrophages), and the major histocompatibility class II antigen (MCHII), respectively, had increased in number, with minor differences between both rat populations. The cells around the interstitial crystals were mostly positive for ED1. Multinucleate giant cells were regularly observed. These cells were positive for CD45 and ED1 and sometimes also for MCHII. The crystals in these cells were moderately positive for acid phosphatase and carbonic anhydrase II. It is concluded that interstitial CaOx crystals can be removed under normo-oxaluric conditions and that, in all likelihood, macrophages and multinucleate giant cells are involved in that process.


Disease Annotations    
Kidney Calculi  (IEP,ISO)

Objects Annotated

Genes (Rattus norvegicus)
Car2  (carbonic anhydrase 2)

Genes (Mus musculus)
Car2  (carbonic anhydrase 2)

Genes (Homo sapiens)
CA2  (carbonic anhydrase 2)

Additional Information