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Rat liver phosphoribosylpyrophosphate synthetase is activated by free Mg2+ in a manner that overcomes its inhibition by nucleotides.

Authors: Sonoda, T  Ishizuka, T  Ishijima, S  Kita, K  Ahmad, I  Tatibana, M 
Citation: Sonoda T, etal., Biochim Biophys Acta. 1998 Sep 8;1387(1-2):32-40.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:9748490

Phosphoribosylpyrophosphate synthetase is activated by Pi and free Mg2+ as an essential activator and inhibited by nucleotides, especially ADP and GDP. The rat liver enzyme is a complex aggregate of two highly homologous catalytic subunits (PRS I and PRS II) and two associated proteins (PAP39 and PAP41). PRS I is more sensitive to inhibition by ADP and GDP than is PRS II. The native liver enzyme showed a weaker sensitivity to inhibition by nucleotides than expected from its composition. To further understand the regulation of the liver enzyme, kinetic studies of each subunit component and the liver enzyme regarding Mg2+ activation and inhibition by ADP and GDP were carried out. Assay conditions were designed to keep free Mg2+ at constant concentrations. (1) GDP, as MgGDP, did not affect the apparent Km values of PRS I for MgATP and ribose-5-phosphate but did dramatically increase the apparent Ka value for free Mg2+. (2) In contrast, ADP, as MgADP, increased the Km value for MgATP of PRS I as well as the Ka value for free Mg2+. (3) High concentrations of free Mg2+ almost completely nullified the inhibitory effect of MgGDP and partly that of MgADP on PRS I. (4) At low free Mg2+ concentrations within the physiological range, inhibition by the nucleotides is of physiological significance and conversely, variation in free Mg2+ concentrations critically affects the enzyme activity in the presence of inhibitory nucleotides. (5) The response of PRS II and the native liver enzyme is similar to that of PRS I, while the effects of MgGDP and MgADP were smaller than that on PRS I. (6) We propose that MgGDP binds to a regulatory site of PRS I and PRS II and MgADP to the substrate MgATP site and also the regulatory site. The allosteric interaction of the regulatory site and the Mg2+ binding site is also considered.

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RGD ID: 1599724
Created: 2007-02-13
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2007-02-13
Status: ACTIVE



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