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Glycogen metabolism in the rat visceral yolk sac. 2. Activity of glycogen-degrading enzymes.

Authors: Williams, KE  Hartfield, PJ  Cable, H  Lloyd, JB 
Citation: Williams KE, etal., Placenta. 1995 Dec;16(8):719-26.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:8710802

In an attempt to explain the previous observation of the rise and subsequent fall in glycogen content of the rat visceral yolk sac during the latter half of gestation, the activities of glycogen phosphorylase, glucose-6-phosphatase and lysosomal alpha-glucosidase were measured. Glycogen phosphorylase was found to be present in the yolk sac and, as in adult rat liver, was predominantly in the 'a' (active) form. The specific activity of the enzyme was lower than in adult rat liver, when expressed per mg tissue protein or per mg tissue wet weight, but similar when expressed per mg tissue glycogen. Phosphorylase activity in yolk sac was similar at 16.5 and 18.5 days of gestation. Glucose-6-phosphatase activity was not detectable in the yolk sac at either 15.5 or 18.5 days of gestation. Two lysosomal enzymes, acid alpha-glucosidase and N-acetyl-beta-hexosaminidase, were shown to be present in the yolk sac at higher specific activity than in adult liver. Alpha-Glucosidase activity in yolk sac was similar at 15.5 and 18.5 days of gestation. It is concluded that the net degradation of yolk sac glycogen initiated around 18.5 days of gestation does not serve to provide glucose for the fetus, and may indicate an increased demand for metabolic energy within the yolk sac itself.


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RGD ID: 1599506
Created: 2007-02-06
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2007-02-06
Status: ACTIVE


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