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Differential involvement of Mrp2 (Abcc2) and Bcrp (Abcg2) in biliary excretion of 4-methylumbelliferyl glucuronide and sulfate in the rat.

Authors: Zamek-Gliszczynski, MJ  Hoffmaster, KA  Humphreys, JE  Tian, X  Nezasa, K  Brouwer, KL 
Citation: Zamek-Gliszczynski MJ, etal., J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2006 Oct;319(1):459-67. Epub 2006 Jul 20.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:16857726
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1124/jpet.106.101840

The hepatic excretion of hydrophilic conjugates, end products of phase II metabolism, is not completely understood. In the present studies, transport mechanism(s) responsible for the biliary excretion of 4-methylumbelliferyl glucuronide (4MUG) and 4-methylumbelliferyl sulfate (4MUS) were studied. Isolated perfused livers (IPLs) from Mrp2-deficient (TR(-)) Wistar rats were used to examine the role of Mrp2 in the biliary excretion of 4MUG and 4MUS. After a 30-micromol dose of 4-methylumbelliferone, cumulative biliary excretion of 4MUG was extensive in wild-type rat IPLs (25 +/- 3 micromol) but was negligible in TR(-) livers (0.4 +/- 0.1 micromol); coadministration of the Bcrp and P-glycoprotein inhibitor GF120918 [N-(4-[2-(1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-6,7-dimethoxy-2-isoquinolinyl)ethyl]-phenyl)- 9,10-dihydro-5-methoxy-9-oxo-4-acridine carboxamide] had no effect on 4MUG biliary excretion in wild-type rat IPLs. In contrast, biliary excretion of 4MUS was partially maintained in Mrp2-deficient rat IPLs. Recovery of 4MUS in bile was approximately 50 to 60% lower in both control TR(-) (149 +/- 8 nmol) and wild-type IPLs with GF120918 coadministration (176 +/- 30 nmol) relative to wild-type control livers (378 +/- 37 nmol) and was nearly abolished in TR(-) IPLs in the presence of GF120918 (13 +/- 8 nmol). These changes were the result of decreased rate constants governing 4MUG and 4MUS biliary excretion. In vitro assays and perfused livers from Bcrp and P-glycoprotein gene-knockout mice indicated that 4MUS did not interact with P-glycoprotein but was transported by Bcrp in a GF120918-sensitive manner. In the rat liver, Mrp2 mediates the biliary excretion of 4MUG, whereas both Mrp2 and Bcrp contribute almost equally to the transport of 4MUS into bile.


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RGD Object Information
RGD ID: 1598606
Created: 2006-12-07
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2006-12-07
Status: ACTIVE


RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.