RGD Reference Report - Malonaldehyde acts as a mitochondrial toxin: Inhibitory effects on respiratory function and enzyme activities in isolated rat liver mitochondria. - Rat Genome Database

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Malonaldehyde acts as a mitochondrial toxin: Inhibitory effects on respiratory function and enzyme activities in isolated rat liver mitochondria.

Authors: Long, J  Wang, X  Gao, H  Liu, Z  Liu, C  Miao, M  Liu, J 
Citation: Long J, etal., Life Sci. 2006 Sep 5;79(15):1466-72. Epub 2006 May 7.
RGD ID: 1582403
Pubmed: PMID:16737718   (View Abstract at PubMed)
DOI: DOI:10.1016/j.lfs.2006.04.024   (Journal Full-text)

Malonaldehyde (MDA) is a product of oxidative damage to lipids, amino acids and DNA, and accumulates with aging and diseases. MDA can possibly react with amines to modify proteins to inactivity enzymes and also modify nucleosides to cause mutagenicity. Mitochondrial dysfunction is a major contributor to aging and age-associated diseases. We hypothesize that accumulated MDA due to mitochondrial dysfunction during aging targets mitochondrial enzymes to cause further mitochondrial dysfunction and contribute to aging and age-associated diseases. We investigated the effects of MDA on mitochondrial respiration and enzymes (membrane complexes I, II, III and IV, and dehydrogenases, including alpha-ketoglutaric dehydrogenase (KGDH), pyruvate dehydrogenase (PDH), malate dehydrogenase (MDH)) in isolated rat liver mitochondria. MDA showed a dose-dependent inhibition on mitochondrial NADH-linked respiratory control ratio (RCR) and ADP/O ratio declined from the concentrations of 0.2 and 0.8 micromol/mg protein, respectively, and succinate-linked mitochondrial RCR and ADP/O ratio declined from 1.6 and 0.8 micromol/mg protein. MDA also showed dose-dependent inhibition on the activity of PDH, KGDH and MDH significantly from 0.1, 0.2 and 2 micromol/mg protein, respectively. Activity of the complexes I and II was depressed by MDA at 0.8 and 1.6 micromol/mg protein. However, MDA did not affect activity of complexes III and IV in the concentration range studied (0-6.4 micromol/mg protein). These results suggest that MDA can cause mitochondrial dysfunction by inhibiting mitochondrial respiration and enzyme activity, and the sensitivity of the enzymes examined to MDA is in the order of PDH>KGDH>complexes I and II>MDH>complexes III and IV.



Gene Ontology Annotations    Click to see Annotation Detail View

Molecular Function

  
Object SymbolSpeciesTermQualifierEvidenceWithNotesSourceOriginal Reference(s)
Mdh2RatL-malate dehydrogenase (NADP+) activity  IDA  RGD 

Objects Annotated

Genes (Rattus norvegicus)
Mdh2  (malate dehydrogenase 2)


Additional Information