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Lysosomal-type PLA2 and turnover of alveolar DPPC.

Authors: Fisher, AB  Dodia, C 
Citation: Fisher AB and Dodia C, Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2001 Apr;280(4):L748-54.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:11238016

This study evaluated the role of a lysosomal-type phospholipase A2 (aiPLA(2)) in the degradation of internalized dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC) and in phospholipid synthesis by the rat lung. Uptake and degradation of DPPC were measured in isolated perfused rat lungs over 3 h following endotracheal instillation of [(3)H]DPPC in mixed unilamellar liposomes plus or minus MJ33, a specific inhibitor of lung aiPLA(2). Uptake of DPPC was calculated from total tissue-associated radiolabel, and degradation was calculated from the sum of radiolabel in degradation products. Both uptake and degradation were markedly stimulated by addition of 8-bromo-cAMP to the perfusate. MJ33 had no effect on DPPC uptake but decreased DPPC degradation at 3 h by approximately 40-50%. The effect of MJ33 on lung synthesis of DPPC was evaluated with intact rats over a 12- to 24-h period following intravenous injection of radiolabeled palmitate and choline. MJ33 treatment decreased palmitate incorporation into disaturated phosphatidylcholine of lamellar bodies and surfactant by approximately 65% at 24 h but had no effect on choline incorporation. This result is compatible with inhibition of the deacylation/reacylation pathway for DPPC synthesis. These results obtained with intact rat lungs indicate that aiPLA(2) is a major enzyme for degradation of internalized DPPC and also has an important role in DPPC synthesis.


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RGD Object Information
RGD ID: 1582127
Created: 2006-11-01
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2006-11-01
Status: ACTIVE


RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.