RGD Reference Report - Functional analysis of the nuclear LIM domain interactor NLI. - Rat Genome Database

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Functional analysis of the nuclear LIM domain interactor NLI.

Authors: Jurata, LW  Gill, GN 
Citation: Jurata LW and Gill GN, Mol Cell Biol. 1997 Oct;17(10):5688-98.
RGD ID: 1581795
Pubmed: PMID:9315627   (View Abstract at PubMed)
PMCID: PMC232417   (View Article at PubMed Central)

LIM homeodomain and LIM-only (LMO) transcription factors contain two tandemly arranged Zn2+-binding LIM domains capable of mediating protein-protein interactions. These factors have restricted patterns of expression, are found in invertebrates as well as vertebrates, and are required for cell type specification in a variety of developing tissues. A recently identified, widely expressed protein, NLI, binds with high affinity to the LIM domains of LIM homeodomain and LMO proteins in vitro and in vivo. In this study, a 38-amino-acid fragment of NLI was found to be sufficient for the association of NLI with nuclear LIM domains. In addition, NLI was shown to form high affinity homodimers through the amino-terminal 200 amino acids, but dimerization of NLI was not required for association with the LIM homeodomain protein Lmxl. Chemical cross-linking analysis revealed higher-order complexes containing multiple NLI molecules bound to Lmx1, indicating that dimerization of NLI does not interfere with LIM domain interactions. Additionally, NLI formed complexes with Lmx1 on the rat insulin I promoter and inhibited the LIM domain-dependent synergistic transcriptional activation by Lmx1 and the basic helix-loop-helix protein E47 from the rat insulin I minienhancer. These studies indicate that NLI contains at least two functionally independent domains and may serve as a negative regulator of synergistic transcriptional responses which require direct interaction via LIM domains. Thus, NLI may regulate the transcriptional activity of LIM homeodomain proteins by determining specific partner interactions.

Gene Ontology Annotations    Click to see Annotation Detail View

Molecular Function

Object SymbolSpeciesTermQualifierEvidenceWithNotesSourceOriginal Reference(s)
Isl1Ratprotein binding  IPILdb1 (Rattus norvegicus) RGD 
Ldb1Ratprotein binding  IPIIsl1 (Rattus norvegicus) RGD 

Objects Annotated

Genes (Rattus norvegicus)
Isl1  (ISL LIM homeobox 1)
Ldb1  (LIM domain binding 1)

Additional Information