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SULT1A1 polymorphism and esophageal cancer in males.

Authors: Wu, MT  Wang, YT  Ho, CK  Wu, DC  Lee, YC  Hsu, HK  Kao, EL  Lee, JM 
Citation: Wu MT, etal., Int J Cancer. 2003 Jan 1;103(1):101-4.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:12455060
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1002/ijc.10805

Sulfotransferase (SULT) 1A1 detoxifies and bioactivates a broad spectrum of substrates including xenobiotics. It has been suggested that the SULT1A1 his (histidine) allele, which is caused by a his for arg (arginine) substitution due to a G-->A transition at codon 213, carries a significantly higher risk for women to develop breast cancer. We investigated the association between the SULT1A1 arg/his genotype and esophageal cancer in men, 187 cases of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma and 308 controls from 3 medical centers in Taiwan. Cigarette smoking, areca chewing and alcohol consumption were the major risks for developing esophageal cancer. The frequencies of arg/his in cases and controls were 27.8% (52/187) and 11.0% (34/308), respectively (p < 0.0001). No subjects carried his/his. After adjusting for substance use and other covariates, individuals with arg/his had a 3.53-fold higher risk (95% CI = 2.12-5.87) of developing esophageal cancer than those with arg/arg. Unexpectedly, this positive association was found to be even stronger (adjusted OR = 4.04-4.80) among non-smokers, non-drinkers or non-chewers. Our findings suggest that the SULT1A1 his(213) allele is important in the development of esophageal cancer in men.

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RGD Object Information
RGD ID: 1581448
Created: 2006-10-04
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2006-10-04
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.