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Sympathetic hyperreactivity to air-jet stress in the chromosome 1 blood pressure quantitative trait locus congenic rats.

Authors: Yamazato, M  Ohya, Y  Nakamoto, M  Sakima, A  Tagawa, T  Harada, Y  Nabika, T  Takishita, S 
Citation: Yamazato M, etal., Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol. 2006 Mar;290(3):R709-14. Epub 2005 Oct 20.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:16239369
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1152/ajpregu.00610.2005

A chromosome 1 blood pressure quantitative trait locus (QTL) was introgressed from the stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRSP) to Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats. This congenic strain (WKYpch1.0) showed an exaggerated pressor response to both restraint and cold stress. In this study, we evaluated cardiovascular and sympathetic response to an air-jet stress and also examined the role of the brain renin-angiotensin system (RAS) in the stress response of WKYpch1.0. We measured mean arterial pressure (MAP), heart rate (HR), and renal sympathetic nerve activity (RSNA) responses to air-jet stress in WKYpch1.0, WKY, and SHRSP. We also examined effects of intracerebroventricular administration of candesartan, an ANG II type 1 receptor blocker, on MAP and HR responses to air-jet stress. Baseline MAP in the WKYpch1.0 and WKY rats were comparable, while it was lower than that in SHRSP rats. Baseline HR did not differ among the strains. In WKYpch1.0, air-jet stress caused greater increase in MAP and RSNA than in WKY. The increase in RSNA was as large as that in SHRSP, whereas the increase in MAP was smaller than in SHRSP. Intracerebroventricular injection of a nondepressor dose of candesartan inhibited the stress-induced pressor response to a greater extent in WKYpch1.0 than in WKY. Intravenous injection of phenylephrine caused a presser effect comparable between WKYpch1.0 and WKY. These results suggest that the chromosome 1 blood pressure QTL congenic rat has a sympathetic hyperreactivity to an air-jet stress, which causes exaggerated pressor responses. The exaggerated response is at least partly mediated by the brain RAS.

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RGD Object Information
RGD ID: 1578503
Created: 2006-03-27
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2006-03-27
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.