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Large-scale identification of mammalian proteins localized to nuclear sub-compartments.

Authors: Sutherland, HG  Mumford, GK  Newton, K  Ford, LV  Farrall, R  Dellaire, G  Caceres, JF  Bickmore, WA 
Citation: Sutherland HG, etal., Hum Mol Genet 2001 Sep 1;10(18):1995-2011.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:11555636

Many nuclear components participating in related pathways appear concentrated in specific areas of the mammalian nucleus. The importance of this organization is attested to by the dysfunction that correlates with mis-localization of nuclear proteins in human disease and cancer. Determining the sub-nuclear localization of proteins is therefore important for understanding genome regulation and function, and it also provides clues to function for novel proteins. However, the complexity of proteins in the mammalian nucleus is too large to tackle this on a protein by protein basis. Large-scale approaches to determining protein function and sub-cellular localization are required. We have used a visual gene trap screen to identify more than 100 proteins, many of which are normal, located within compartments of the mouse nucleus. The most common discrete localizations detected are at the nucleolus and the splicing speckles and on chromosomes. Proteins at the nuclear periphery, or in other nuclear foci, have also been identified. Several of the proteins have been implicated in human disease or cancer, e.g. ATRX, HMGI-C, NBS1 and EWS, and the gene-trapped proteins provide a route into further understanding their function. We find that sequence motifs are often shared amongst proteins co-localized within the same sub-nuclear compartment. Conversely, some generally abundant motifs are lacking from the proteins concentrated in specific areas of the nucleus. This suggests that we may be able to predict sub-nuclear localization for proteins in databases based on their sequence.

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RGD ID: 1549620
Created: 2005-09-06
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2005-09-06
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