RGD Reference Report - Evaluation of candidate genes associated with hepatitis A and E virus infection in Chinese Han population. - Rat Genome Database

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Evaluation of candidate genes associated with hepatitis A and E virus infection in Chinese Han population.

Authors: Gu, Maolin  Qiu, Jing  Guo, Daoxia  Xu, Yunfang  Liu, Xingxiang  Shen, Chong  Dong, Chen 
Citation: Gu M, etal., Virol J. 2018 Mar 20;15(1):47. doi: 10.1186/s12985-018-0962-2.
RGD ID: 15036793
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:29558945
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1186/s12985-018-0962-2


BACKGROUND: Recent GWAS-associated studies reported that single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in ABCB1, TGFβ1, XRCC1 genes were associated with hepatitis A virus (HAV) infection, and variants of APOA4 and APOE genes were associated with and hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection in US population. However, the associations of these loci with HAV or HEV infection in Chinese Han population remain unclear.
METHODS: A total of 3082 Chinese Han persons were included in this study. Anti-HAV IgG and anti-HEV IgG were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Genotypes in ABCB1, TGFβ1, XRCC1, APOA4 and APOE SNPs were determined by TaqMan MGB technology.
RESULTS: In Chinese Han population, rs1045642 C to T variation in ABCB1 was significantly associated with the decreased risk of HAV infection (P < 0.05). However, the effect direction was different with the previous US study. Rs1001581 A to G variation in XRCC1, which was not identified in US population, was significantly associated with the protection against HAV infection in our samples (P < 0.05). In addition, our results suggested that rs7412 C to T variation in APOE was significantly associated with lower risk of HEV infection in males (adjusted OR < 1.0, P < 0.05) but not in females.
CONCLUSIONS: ABCB1 and XRCC1 genes variants are significantly associated with the protection against HAV infection. Additionally, Chinese Han males with rs7412 C to T variation in APOE gene are less prone to be infected by HEV.



Disease Annotations    
hepatitis A  (IAGP,ISO)

Phenotype Annotations    

Human Phenotype
Objects Annotated

Genes (Rattus norvegicus)
Xrcc1  (X-ray repair cross complementing 1)

Genes (Mus musculus)
Xrcc1  (X-ray repair complementing defective repair in Chinese hamster cells 1)

Genes (Homo sapiens)
XRCC1  (X-ray repair cross complementing 1)


Additional Information