RGD Reference Report - Downregulation of Plzf Gene Ameliorates Metabolic and Cardiac Traits in the Spontaneously Hypertensive Rat. - Rat Genome Database

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Downregulation of Plzf Gene Ameliorates Metabolic and Cardiac Traits in the Spontaneously Hypertensive Rat.

Authors: Liška, František  Landa, Vladimír  Zídek, Václav  Mlejnek, Petr  Šilhavý, Jan  Šimáková, Miroslava  Strnad, Hynek  Trnovská, Jaroslava  Škop, Vojtěch  Kazdová, Ludmila  Starker, Colby G  Voytas, Daniel F  Izsvák, Zsuzsanna  Mancini, Massimiliano  Šeda, Ondřej  Křen, Vladimír  Pravenec, Michal 
Citation: Liška F, etal., Hypertension. 2017 Jun;69(6):1084-1091. doi: 10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.116.08798. Epub 2017 Apr 10.
RGD ID: 150340623
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:28396530
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.116.08798

The spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR), one of the most widely used model of essential hypertension, is predisposed to left ventricular hypertrophy, myocardial fibrosis, and metabolic disturbances. Recently, quantitative trait loci influencing blood pressure, left ventricular mass, and heart interstitial fibrosis were genetically isolated within a minimal congenic subline that contains only 7 genes, including mutant Plzf (promyelocytic leukemia zinc finger) candidate gene. To identify Plzf as a quantitative trait gene, we targeted Plzf in the SHR using the transcription activator-like effector nuclease technique and obtained SHR line harboring targeted Plzf gene with a premature stop codon. Because the Plzf targeted allele is semilethal, morphologically normal heterozygous rats were used for metabolic and hemodynamic analyses. SHR-Plzf+/- heterozygotes versus SHR wild-type controls exhibited reduced body weight and relative weight of epididymal fat, lower serum and liver triglycerides and cholesterol, and better glucose tolerance. In addition, SHR-Plzf+/- rats exhibited significantly increased sensitivity of adipose and muscle tissue to insulin action when compared with wild-type controls. Blood pressure was comparable in SHR versus SHR-Plzf+/-; however, there was significant amelioration of cardiomyocyte hypertrophy and cardiac fibrosis in SHR-Plzf+/- rats. Gene expression profiles in the liver and expression of selected genes in the heart revealed differentially expressed genes that play a role in metabolic pathways, PPAR (peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor) signaling, and cell cycle regulation. These results provide evidence for an important role of Plzf in regulation of metabolic and cardiac traits in the rat and suggest a cross talk between cell cycle regulators, metabolism, cardiac hypertrophy, and fibrosis.

Objects Annotated

Genes (Rattus norvegicus)
Zbtb16  (zinc finger and BTB domain containing 16)
Zbtb16em1Ipcv  (zinc finger and BTB domain containing 16; TALEN induced mutant 1, Ipcv)

SHR-Zbtb16em1Ipcv+/-  (NA)

Additional Information