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Dexamethasone inhibits induction of liver tumor necrosis factor-alpha mRNA and liver growth induced by lead nitrate and ethylene dibromide.

Authors: Ledda-Columbano, G M  Columbano, A  Cannas, A  Simbula, G  Okita, K  Kayano, K  Kubo, Y  Katyal, S L  Shinozuka, H 
Citation: Ledda-Columbano GM, etal., Am J Pathol. 1994 Oct;145(4):951-8.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:7943184

We have recently demonstrated that a single injection of the mitogen lead nitrate to rats induced a rapid increase of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) mRNA in the liver and suggested that this cytokine may be involved in triggering hepatocyte proliferation in this model of direct hyperplasia. In this study, we examined whether a similar induction of liver TNF-alpha mRNA could be observed preceding the onset of hepatocyte proliferation induced by ethylene dibromide, another hepatocyte mitogen. In addition, we used dexamethasone, a well known inhibitor of TNF-alpha production, to determine whether its administration could suppress hepatocyte proliferation induced by lead nitrate and ethylene dibromide. A single intragastric administration of ethylene dibromide (100 mg/kg) to male Wistar rats enhanced liver TNF-alpha mRNA after 4 and 7 hours, which then returned to control levels by 24 hours. TNF-alpha mRNA was detectable only in a nonparenchymal cell fraction of the liver. Pretreatment of rats with a single dose of dexamethasone (2 mg/kg) 60 minutes before lead nitrate (100 mumol/kg) or ethylene dibromide completely abolished the increased levels of liver TNF-alpha mRNA induced by these agents. Inhibition by dexamethasone of TNF-alpha mRNA was associated with an inhibition of liver cell proliferation induced by these mitogens, as measured by [3H]thymidine incorporation into hepatic DNA, mitotic index, and DNA content. These results further support the hypothesis that TNF-alpha may be involved in triggering hepatocyte proliferation induced by primary mitogens.


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RGD ID: 14995476
Created: 2019-10-25
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2019-10-25
Status: ACTIVE


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