RGD Reference Report - Differential expression of the rat gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase gene promoters along with differentiation of hepatoblasts into biliary or hepatocytic lineage. - Rat Genome Database

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Differential expression of the rat gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase gene promoters along with differentiation of hepatoblasts into biliary or hepatocytic lineage.

Authors: Holic, N  Suzuki, T  Corlu, A  Couchie, D  Chobert, M N  Guguen-Guillouzo, C  Laperche, Y 
Citation: Holic N, etal., Am J Pathol. 2000 Aug;157(2):537-48. doi: 10.1016/s0002-9440(10)64564-6.
RGD ID: 14701049
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:10934156
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1016/s0002-9440(10)64564-6

gamma-Glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT), a major enzyme of glutathione (GSH) homeostasis, is often used as a biliary marker to follow the differentiation of hepatic precursor cells. The expression of the GGT gene is driven by different promoters and yields multiple mRNAs, depending on the cell type or the stage of differentiation. In the present study, we analyzed the GGT mRNA expression pattern by quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction or by in situ hybridization i) in the liver, in vivo, at early stages of development; ii) in oval cells, which proliferate and differentiate into hepatocytes in response to galactosamine injury in vivo; and finally, iii) during hepatoblast differentiation, in vitro. We show that GGT gene transcription originates from promoters P3, P4, and P5 in rat hepatic precursor cells. Differentiation of these cells induces profound alterations in GGT gene expression, leading to extinction of promoters P4 and P5, when they differentiate into the hepatocytic pathway, and to extinction of promoters P3 and P5 when they differentiate into the biliary pathway. This diversity in GGT mRNA expression provides unique molecular probes to follow hepatic precursor cell differentiation. Furthermore, the identification of factors governing GGT P5 and P4 promoter expression should provide further insight into the molecular events that occur as the liver precursor cell differentiates into the hepatic lineages.

Annotation

Disease Annotations    

Gene Ontology Annotations    

Biological Process

Objects Annotated

Genes (Rattus norvegicus)
Ggt1  (gamma-glutamyltransferase 1)

Genes (Mus musculus)
Ggt1  (gamma-glutamyltransferase 1)

Genes (Homo sapiens)
GGT1  (gamma-glutamyltransferase 1)


Additional Information