RGD Reference Report - Nonobese, insulin-deficient Ins2Akita mice develop type 2 diabetes phenotypes including insulin resistance and cardiac remodeling. - Rat Genome Database

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Nonobese, insulin-deficient Ins2Akita mice develop type 2 diabetes phenotypes including insulin resistance and cardiac remodeling.

Authors: Hong, Eun-Gyoung  Jung, Dae Young  Ko, Hwi Jin  Zhang, Zhiyou  Ma, Zhexi  Jun, John Y  Kim, Jae Hyeong  Sumner, Andrew D  Vary, Thomas C  Gardner, Thomas W  Bronson, Sarah K  Kim, Jason K 
Citation: Hong EG, etal., Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2007 Dec;293(6):E1687-96. doi: 10.1152/ajpendo.00256.2007. Epub 2007 Oct 2.
RGD ID: 14401710
Pubmed: PMID:17911348   (View Abstract at PubMed)
DOI: DOI:10.1152/ajpendo.00256.2007   (Journal Full-text)

Although insulin resistance has been traditionally associated with type 2 diabetes, recent evidence in humans and animal models indicates that insulin resistance may also develop in type 1 diabetes. A point mutation of insulin 2 gene in Ins2(Akita) mice leads to pancreatic beta-cell apoptosis and hyperglycemia, and these mice are commonly used to investigate type 1 diabetes and complications. Since insulin resistance plays an important role in diabetic complications, we performed hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamps in awake Ins2(Akita) and wild-type mice to measure insulin action and glucose metabolism in vivo. Nonobese Ins2(Akita) mice developed insulin resistance, as indicated by an approximately 80% reduction in glucose infusion rate during clamps. Insulin resistance was due to approximately 50% decreases in glucose uptake in skeletal muscle and brown adipose tissue as well as hepatic insulin action. Skeletal muscle insulin resistance was associated with a 40% reduction in total GLUT4 and a threefold increase in PKCepsilon levels in Ins2(Akita) mice. Chronic phloridzin treatment lowered systemic glucose levels and normalized muscle insulin action, GLUT4 and PKCepsilon levels in Ins2(Akita) mice, indicating that hyperglycemia plays a role in insulin resistance. Echocardiography showed significant cardiac remodeling with ventricular hypertrophy that was ameliorated following chronic phloridzin treatment in Ins2(Akita) mice. Overall, we report for the first time that nonobese, insulin-deficient Ins2(Akita) mice develop type 2 diabetes phenotypes including peripheral and hepatic insulin resistance and cardiac remodeling. Our findings provide important insights into the pathogenesis of metabolic abnormalities and complications affecting type 1 diabetes and lean type 2 diabetes subjects.



RGD Manual Disease Annotations    Click to see Annotation Detail View

  
Object SymbolSpeciesTermQualifierEvidenceWithNotesSourceOriginal Reference(s)
INSHumantype 1 diabetes mellitus 2  ISOIns2 (Mus musculus)DNA:missense mutation:cds:p.C96Y (mouse)RGD 
Ins2Rattype 1 diabetes mellitus 2  ISOIns2 (Mus musculus)DNA:missense mutation:cds:p.C96Y (mouse)RGD 
Ins2Mousetype 1 diabetes mellitus 2  IAGP DNA:missense mutation:cds:p.C96Y (mouse)RGD 

Objects Annotated

Genes (Rattus norvegicus)
Ins2  (insulin 2)

Genes (Mus musculus)
Ins2  (insulin II)

Genes (Homo sapiens)
INS  (insulin)


Additional Information