RGD Reference Report - Synergistic Effects of Salvianolic Acid B and Puerarin on Cerebral Ischemia Reperfusion Injury. - Rat Genome Database
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Synergistic Effects of Salvianolic Acid B and Puerarin on Cerebral Ischemia Reperfusion Injury.

Authors: Ling, Chengli  Liang, Jianming  Zhang, Chun  Li, Ruixiang  Mou, Qianqian  Qin, Jin  Li, Xiaofang  Wang, Jianxin 
Citation: Ling C, etal., Molecules. 2018 Mar 2;23(3). pii: molecules23030564. doi: 10.3390/molecules23030564.
RGD ID: 13792833
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:29498696
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.3390/molecules23030564

Ischemic stroke (IS) is characterized by the sudden loss of blood circulation to an area of the brain, resulting in a corresponding loss of neurologic function. It has been a worldwide critical disease threatening to the health and life of human beings. Despite significant progresses achieved, effective treatment still remains a formidable challenge due to the complexity of the disease. Salvianolic acid B (Sal-B) and Puerarin (Pue) are two active neuroprotectants isolated from traditional Chinese herbs, Salvia miltiorrhiza and Kudzu root respectively, which have been used for the prevention and treatment of IS for thousands of years in China. The activities of two compounds against cerebral ischemia reperfusion injury have been confirmed via various pathways. However, the therapeutic efficacy of any of the two components is still unsatisfied. In the present study, the effect of the combination of Sal-B and Pue on IS was evaluated and validated in vitro and in vivo. The ratio of two compounds was firstly optimized based on the results of CoCl2 damaged PC12 cells model. The co-administration exhibited significantly protective effect in CoCl2 induced PC12 cells injury model by reducing ROS, inhibiting apoptosis and improving mitochondrial membrane potential in vitro. Moreover, Sal-B + Pue significantly relieved neurological deficit scores and infarct area than Sal-B or Pue alone in vivo. The results indicated that neuroprotection mechanism of Sal-B + Pue was related to TLR4/MyD88 and SIRT1 activation signaling pathway to achieve synergistic effect, due to the inhibition of NF-κB transcriptional activity and expression of pro-inflammatory cytokine (TNF-α, IL-1ß, IL-6). In conclusion, the combination of Sal-B and Pue exerted much stronger neuroprotective effect than Sal-B or Pue alone, which provides a potential new drug and has great significance for the treatment of IS.

Annotation

Disease Annotations    

Objects Annotated

Genes (Rattus norvegicus)
Il1b  (interleukin 1 beta)
Il6  (interleukin 6)
Tnf  (tumor necrosis factor)

Genes (Mus musculus)
Il1b  (interleukin 1 beta)
Il6  (interleukin 6)
Tnf  (tumor necrosis factor)

Genes (Homo sapiens)
IL1B  (interleukin 1 beta)
IL6  (interleukin 6)
TNF  (tumor necrosis factor)


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