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Transient Receptor Potential Channel, Vanilloid 5, Induces Chondrocyte Apoptosis in a Rat Osteoarthritis Model Through the Mediation of Ca2+ Influx.

Authors: Wei, Yingliang  Zheng, Dianbin  Guo, Xiaocheng  Zhao, Min  Gao, Linlin  Bai, Lunhao 
Citation: Wei Y, etal., Cell Physiol Biochem. 2018;46(2):687-698. doi: 10.1159/000488725. Epub 2018 Mar 29.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:29621761
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1159/000488725


BACKGROUND/AIMS: Chondrocyte apoptosis is the most common pathological feature in cartilage in osteoarthritis (OA). Transient receptor potential channel vanilloid 5 (TRPV5) is important in regulating calcium ion (Ca2+) influx. Accumulating evidences suggest that Ca2+ is a major intracellular second messenger that can trigger cell apoptosis. Therefore, we investigate the potential role of TRPV5 in mediating Ca2+ influx to promote chondrocyte apoptosis in OA.
METHODS: The monoiodoacetic acid (MIA)-induced rat OA model was assessed by macroscopic and radiographic analyses. Calmodulin protein immunolocalization was detected by immunohistochemistry. The mRNA and protein level of TRPV5, calmodulin and cleaved caspase-8 in articular cartilage were assessed by real time polymerase chain reaction and western blotting. Primary chondrocytes were isolated and cultured in vitro. TRPV5 small interfering RNA was used to silence TRPV5 in chondrocytes. Then, calmodulin and cleaved caspase-8 were immunolocalized by immunofluorescence in chondrocyte. Fluo-4AM staining was used to assess intracellular Ca2+ to reflect TRPV5 function of mediation Ca2+ influx. Annexin V-fluorescein isothiocyanatepropidium iodide flow cytometric analysis was performed to determine chondrocytes apoptosis. Western blotting techniques were used to measure the apoptosis-related proteins in chondrocyte level.
RESULTS: Here, we reported TRPV5 was up-regulated in MIA-induced OA articular cartilage. Ruthenium red (a TRPV5 inhibitor) can relieve progression of joint destruction in vivo which promoted us to demonstrate the effect of TRPV5 in OA. We found that TRPV5 had a specific role in mediating extracellular Ca2+ influx leading to chondrocytes apoptosis in vitro. The apoptotic effect was inhibited even reversed by silencing TRPV5. Furthermore, we found that the increase Ca2+ influx triggered apoptosis by up-regulating the protein of death-associated protein, FAS-associated death domain, cleaved caspase-8, cleaved caspase-3, cleaved caspase-6, and cleaved caspase-7, and the up-regulated proteins were abolished by silencing TRPV5 or 1, 2-bis-(o-Aminophenoxy)-ethane-N,N,N',N'-tetraacetic acid, tetraacetoxymethyl ester (a Ca2+ chelating agent).
CONCLUSION: The up-regulated TRPV5 could used be as an initiating factor that induces extrinsic chondrocyte apoptosis via the mediation of Ca2+ influx. These findings suggested TRPV5 could be an intriguing mediator for drug target in OA.

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RGD Object Information
RGD ID: 13782275
Created: 2018-08-31
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2018-08-31
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.