Submit Data |  Help |  Video Tutorials |  News |  Publications |  FTP Download |  REST API |  Citing RGD |  Contact   

The cellular and subcellular localization of huntingtin-associated protein 1 (HAP1): comparison with huntingtin in rat and human.

Authors: Gutekunst, C A  Li, S H  Yi, H  Ferrante, R J  Li, X J  Hersch, S M 
Citation: Gutekunst CA, etal., J Neurosci. 1998 Oct 1;18(19):7674-86.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:9742138

The cellular and subcellular distribution of HAP1 was examined in rat brain by light and electron microscopic immunocytochemistry and subcellular fractionation. HAP1 localization was also determined in human postmortem tissue from control and Huntington's disease (HD) cases by light microscopic immunocytochemistry. At the cellular level, the heterogeneity of HAP1 expression was similar to that of huntingtin; however, HAP1 immunoreactivity was more widespread. The subcellular distribution of HAP1 was examined using immunogold electron microscopy. Like huntingtin, HAP1 is a cytoplasmic protein that associates with microtubules and many types of membranous organelles, including mitochondria, endoplasmic reticulum, tubulovesicles, endosomal and lysosomal organelles, and synaptic vesicles. A quantitative comparison of the organelle associations of HAP1 and huntingtin showed them to be almost identical. Within HAP1-immunoreactive neurons in rat and human brain, populations of large and small immunoreactive puncta were visible by light microscopy. The large puncta, which were especially evident in the ventral forebrain, were intensely HAP1 immunoreactive. Electron microscopic analysis revealed them to be a type of nucleolus-like body, which has been named a stigmoid body, that may play a role in protein synthesis. The small puncta, less intensely labeled, were primarily mitochondria. These results indicate that the localization of HAP1 and huntingtin is more similar than previously appreciated and provide further evidence that HAP1 and huntingtin have localizations consistent with roles in intracellular transport. Our data also suggest, however, that HAP1 is not present in the abnormal intranuclear and neuritic aggregates containing the N-terminal fragment of mutant huntingtin that are found in HD brains.


Gene Ontology Annotations
Objects Annotated

Additional Information

RGD Object Information
RGD ID: 13702459
Created: 2018-07-18
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2018-07-18
Status: ACTIVE


RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.