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Adenosine A(1) receptor-mediated presynaptic inhibition at the calyx of Held of immature rats.

Authors: Kimura, Masahiro  Saitoh, Naoto  Takahashi, Tomoyuki 
Citation: Kimura M, etal., J Physiol. 2003 Dec 1;553(Pt 2):415-26. doi: 10.1113/jphysiol.2003.048371. Epub 2003 Sep 8.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:12963795
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1113/jphysiol.2003.048371

At the calyx of Held synapse in brainstem slices of 5- to 7-day-old (P5-7) rats, adenosine, or the type 1 adenosine (A1) receptor agonist N6-cyclopentyladenosine (CPA), inhibited excitatory postsynaptic currents (EPSCs) without affecting the amplitude of miniature EPSCs. The A1 receptor antagonist 8-cyclopentyltheophylline (CPT) had no effect on the amplitude of EPSCs evoked at a low frequency, but significantly reduced the magnitude of synaptic depression caused by repetitive stimulation at 10 Hz, suggesting that endogenous adenosine is involved in the regulation of transmitter release. Adenosine inhibited presynaptic Ca(2+) currents (IpCa) recorded directly from calyceal terminals, but had no effect on presynaptic K+ currents. When EPSCs were evoked by IpCa during simultaneous pre- and postsynaptic recordings, the magnitude of the adenosine-induced inhibition of IpCa fully explained that of EPSCs, suggesting that the presynaptic Ca(2+) channel is the main target of A1 receptors. Whereas the N-type Ca(2+) channel blocker omega-conotoxin attenuated EPSCs, it had no effect on the magnitude of adenosine-induced inhibition of EPSCs. During postnatal development, in parallel with a decrease in the A1 receptor immunoreactivity at the calyceal terminal, the inhibitory effect of adenosine became weaker. We conclude that presynaptic A1 receptors at the immature calyx of Held synapse play a regulatory role in transmitter release during high frequency transmission, by inhibiting multiple types of presynaptic Ca(2+) channels.


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RGD Object Information
RGD ID: 13702434
Created: 2018-07-18
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2018-07-18
Status: ACTIVE


RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.