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Thermogenesis, fatty acid synthesis with oxidation, and inflammation in the brown adipose tissue of ob/ob (-/-) mice.

Authors: Martins, Fabiane Ferreira  Bargut, Thereza Cristina Lonzetti  Aguila, Marcia Barbosa  Mandarim-de-Lacerda, Carlos Alberto 
Citation: Martins FF, etal., Ann Anat. 2017 Mar;210:44-51. doi: 10.1016/j.aanat.2016.11.013. Epub 2016 Dec 13.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:27986616
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1016/j.aanat.2016.11.013

Brown adipose tissue (BAT) is specialized in heat production, but its metabolism in ob/ob mice is still a matter of debate. We aimed to verify ob/ob mice BAT using C57Bl/6 male mice (as the wild-type, WT) and leptin-deficient ob/ob mice (on the C57Bl/6 background strain), at three months of age (n=10/group). At euthanasia, animals had their interscapular BAT weighed, and prepared for analysis (Western blot, and RT-qPCR). In comparison with the WT group, the ob/ob group showed reduced thermogenic signaling markers (gene expression of beta 3-adrenergic receptor, beta3-AR; PPARgamma coactivator 1 alpha, PGC1alpha, and uncoupling protein 1, UCP1). The ob/ob group also showed impaired gene expression for lipid utilization (perilipin was increased, while other markers were diminished: carnitine palmitoyltransferase-1b, CPT-1b; cluster of differentiation 36, CD36; fatty acid binding protein 4, FABP4; fatty acid synthase, FAS, and sterol regulatory element-binding protein 1c, SREBP1c), and altered protein expression of insulin signaling (diminished pAKT, TC10, and GLUT-4). Lastly, the ob/ob group showed increased gene expression of markers of inflammation (interleukin 1 beta, IL-1beta; IL-6, tumor necrosis factor alpha, TNFalpha; and monocyte chemotactic protein-1, MCP-1). In conclusion, the ob/ob mice have decreased thermogenic markers associated with reduced gene expression related to fatty acid synthesis, mobilization, and oxidation. There were also alterations in insulin signaling and protein and gene expressions of inflammation. The findings suggest that the lack of substrate for thermogenesis and the local inflammation negatively regulated thermogenic signaling in the ob/ob mice.


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RGD Object Information
RGD ID: 13673812
Created: 2018-06-23
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2018-06-23
Status: ACTIVE


RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.