RGD Reference Report - Methyl-CpG-binding protein, MeCP2, is a target molecule for maintenance DNA methyltransferase, Dnmt1. - Rat Genome Database

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Methyl-CpG-binding protein, MeCP2, is a target molecule for maintenance DNA methyltransferase, Dnmt1.

Authors: Kimura, H  Shiota, K 
Citation: Kimura H and Shiota K, J Biol Chem 2003 Feb 14;278(7):4806-12. Epub 2002 Dec 6.
RGD ID: 1359078
Pubmed: PMID:12473678   (View Abstract at PubMed)
DOI: DOI:10.1074/jbc.M209923200   (Journal Full-text)

During mammalian cell division, DNA methylation patterns are transferred accurately to the newly synthesized DNA strand. This depends on maintenance DNA methyltransferase activity. DNA methylation can affect chromatin organization and gene expression by recruitment of histone deacetylases (HDACs). Here we show that the methyl-CpG binding protein, MeCP2, interacts directly with the maintenance DNA methyltransferase, Dnmt1. The region of MeCP2 that interacts with Dnmt1 corresponds to the transcription repressor domain which can also recruit HDACs via a corepressor, mSin3A. Dnmt1 can form complexes with HDACs as well as MeCP2. Surprisingly, the MeCP2-Dnmt1 complex does not contain the histone deacetylase, HDAC1. Thus, Dnmt1 takes the place of the mSin3A-HDAC1 complex, indicating that the MeCP2-interacting Dnmt1 does not bind to HDAC1. Further, we demonstrate that MeCP2 can form a complex with hemimethylated as well as fully methylated DNA. Immunoprecipitated MeCP2 complexes show DNA methyltransferase activity to hemimethylated DNA. These results suggest that Dnmt1 associates with MeCP2 in order to perform maintenance methylation in vivo. We propose that genome-wide and/or -specific local DNA methylation may be maintained by the Dnmt1-MeCP2 complexes, bound to hemimethylated DNA. Dnmt1 may be recruited to targeted regions via multiple steps that may or may not involve histone deacetylases.

Gene Ontology Annotations    Click to see Annotation Detail View

Biological Process

Object SymbolSpeciesTermQualifierEvidenceWithNotesSourceOriginal Reference(s)
Dnmt1Ratnegative regulation of gene expression via chromosomal CpG island methylation  IDA  RGD 

Cellular Component

Object SymbolSpeciesTermQualifierEvidenceWithNotesSourceOriginal Reference(s)
Dnmt1Ratprotein-containing complex  IDA  RGD 
Mecp2Ratprotein-containing complex  IDA  RGD 

Molecular Function


Molecular Pathway Annotations    Click to see Annotation Detail View

RGD Manual Annotations

Object SymbolSpeciesTermQualifierEvidenceWithNotesSourceOriginal Reference(s)
Dnmt1Rathomocysteine metabolic pathway   TAS  RGD 
Dnmt1Ratmethionine cycle/metabolic pathway   TAS  RGD 
Objects Annotated

Genes (Rattus norvegicus)
Dnmt1  (DNA methyltransferase 1)
Mecp2  (methyl CpG binding protein 2)

Additional Information