RGD Reference Report - Transcriptional alterations in the left ventricle of three hypertensive rat models. - Rat Genome Database

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Transcriptional alterations in the left ventricle of three hypertensive rat models.

Authors: Cerutti, Catherine  Kurdi, Mazen  Bricca, Giampiero  Hodroj, Wassim  Paultre, Christian  Randon, Jacques  Gustin, Marie-Paule 
Citation: Cerutti C, etal., Physiol Genomics. 2006 Nov 27;27(3):295-308. doi: 10.1152/physiolgenomics.00318.2005. Epub 2006 Aug 1.
RGD ID: 13513906
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:16882881
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1152/physiolgenomics.00318.2005

Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is commonly associated with hypertension and represents an independent cardiovascular risk factor. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that the cardiac overload related to hypertension is associated to a specific gene expression pattern independently of genetic background. Gene expression levels were obtained with microarrays for 15,866 transcripts from RNA of left ventricles from 12-wk-old rats of three hypertensive models [spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR), Lyon hypertensive rat (LH), and heterozygous TGR(mRen2)27 rat] and their respective controls. More than 60% of the detected transcripts displayed significant changes between the three groups of normotensive rats, showing large interstrain variability. Expression data were analyzed with respect to hypertension, LVH, and chromosomal distribution. Only four genes had significantly modified expression in the three hypertensive models among which a single gene, coding for sialyltransferase 7A, was consistently overexpressed. Correlation analysis between expression data and left ventricular mass index (LVMI) over all rats identified a larger set of genes whose expression was continuously related with LVMI, including known genes associated with cardiac remodeling. Positioning the detected transcripts along the chromosomes pointed out high-density regions mostly located within blood pressure and cardiac mass quantitative trait loci. Although our study could not detect a unique reprogramming of cardiac cells involving specific genes at early stage of LVH, it allowed the identification of some genes associated with LVH regardless of genetic background. This study thus provides a set of potentially important genes contained within restricted chromosomal regions involved in cardiovascular diseases.

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Strains
LH/Mav  (NA)
LL/Mav  (NA)
SD-Tg(Ren2)27  (NA)
SD-Tg(Ren2)27-/-  (NA)
SHR  (Spontaneously Hypertensive Rat)
WKY  (NA)


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