RGD Reference Report - TNF-a antagonism with etanercept enhances penile NOS expression, cavernosal reactivity, and testosterone levels in aged rats. - Rat Genome Database

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TNF-a antagonism with etanercept enhances penile NOS expression, cavernosal reactivity, and testosterone levels in aged rats.

Authors: Demirtas Sahin, Tugçe  Yazir, Yusufhan  Utkan, Tijen  Gacar, Gulcin  Furat Rençber, Selenay  Gocmez, Semil Selcen 
Citation: Demirtas Sahin T, etal., Can J Physiol Pharmacol. 2017 Dec 20:1-8. doi: 10.1139/cjpp-2017-0113.
RGD ID: 13504711
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:29260891
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1139/cjpp-2017-0113

Erectile dysfunction (ED) has been reported to be associated with inflammation. This study investigated the effects of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) inhibitor etanercept on penile neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) and endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) expressions, testosterone concentrations, neurogenic and endothelium-dependent relaxations of corpus cavernosum (CC), and circulating and cavernosal levels of inflammatory markers in aged rats. Animals were separated into control, aged, and etanercept-treated aged groups. Aged rats displayed significantly increased serum and cavernosal TNF-α, C-reactive protein (CRP), monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) and intercellular adhesion molecule (ICAM-1) levels, and decreased penile nNOS and eNOS expressions and serum testosterone levels compared with controls. In etanercept-treated aged group, NOS expressions were similar to that of the control group. The circulating and cavernosal concentrations of TNF-α, CRP, MCP-1, ICAM-1, and testosterone were also normalized by etanercept. Neurogenic and endothelium-dependent relaxant responses significantly decreased in aged rats and etanercept treatment markedly improved these relaxation responses. Our findings indicate that aging decreases penile NOS expression, neurogenic and endothelium-dependent relaxations of CC, and also suppresses serum testosterone levels by inducing inflammatory response that may contribute to the development of ED. TNF-α antagonism may be a novel strategy to treat aging-associated ED.


Disease Annotations    
impotence  (IEP,ISO)

Gene Ontology Annotations    

Cellular Component
cytoplasm  (IDA)

Objects Annotated

Genes (Rattus norvegicus)
Nos3  (nitric oxide synthase 3)

Genes (Mus musculus)
Nos3  (nitric oxide synthase 3, endothelial cell)

Genes (Homo sapiens)
NOS3  (nitric oxide synthase 3)

Additional Information