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[Relationship between the expression of beta-cat, cyclin D1 and c-myc and the occurance and biological behavior of pancreatic cancer].

Authors: Li, Yu-jun  Ji, Xiang-rui 
Citation: Li YJ and Ji XR, Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi. 2003 Jun;32(3):238-41.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:12882690


OBJECTIVE: To study the relationship between the abnormal expression of beta-catenin (beta-cat) and the high expressions of cyclin D1 and c-myc and the occurance, proliferation, infiltration, metastasis and prognosis of pancreatic cancer, and to provide rational basis for the clinical diagnosis and treatment.
METHODS: Immunohistochemical PicTure trade mark was used to examine the expressions of beta-cat, cyclin D1 and c-myc in 47 cases of the cancerous tissue of pancreas, 12 cases of the pancreatic intraepithelial neoplasia and 10 cases of normal tissue of pancreas, respectively. Pancreatic cancer proliferation cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) was also tested as the index of the extent of proliferation of the pancreatic cancer.
RESULTS: beta-cat was expressed normally in the 10 cases of the normal pancreatic tissue, while cyclin D1 and c-myc were negative. The expression rates of beta-cat, cyclin D1 and c-myc in the tissues of the pancreatic intraepithelial neoplasia and the pancreatic cancer had no significant difference [6/12 and 68.1% (32/47), 6/12 and 74.5% (35/47), 5/12 and 70.2% (33/47) respectively;P values were all more than 0.05]. The abnormal expression rate of beta-cat was significantly correlated to the metastasis of the pancreatic cancer and the one-year survival rate (both P < 0.05), but had no relation with the size, the extent of differentiation, the activity of proliferation, or infiltration of the pancreatic cancer (both P > 0.05). The expression rate of cyclin D1 was correlated with the proliferation of the pancreatic cancer and the extent of differentiation (both P < 0.05), but not with the size, infiltration, metastasis, or one-year survival rate of the pancreatic cancer (both P > 0.05). The expression rate of c-myc was not correlated with the size, the extent of proliferation, infiltration, metastasis, or one-year survival rate (both P > 0.05), but closely with the proliferation activity of the cancerous tissue of pancreas (P < 0.05). The abnormal expression of beta-cat and the high expressions of cyclin D1 and c-myc had a parallel relationship with the pancreatic intraepithelial neoplasia and pancreatic cancer (both P < 0.05, gamma = 1.000, 0.845, 0.437, 0.452).
CONCLUSIONS: The abnormal expression of beta-cat activates cyclin D1 and c-myc, and results in the unchecked proliferation and differentiation, which may play an important role in the genesis of the pancreatic cancer. The abnormal expression of beta-cat is one of the mechanisms for the spread of pancreatic cancer and an index in the molecular biology to determine the metastasis and prognosis of pancreatic cancer.

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RGD Object Information
RGD ID: 13462061
Created: 2017-12-08
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2017-12-08
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.