RGD Reference Report - Identification of neuromedin U precursor-related peptide and its possible role in the regulation of prolactin release. - Rat Genome Database

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Identification of neuromedin U precursor-related peptide and its possible role in the regulation of prolactin release.

Authors: Mori, Kenji  Ida, Takanori  Fudetani, Mami  Mori, Miwa  Kaiya, Hiroyuki  Hino, Jun  Nakahara, Keiko  Murakami, Noboru  Miyazato, Mikiya  Kangawa, Kenji 
Citation: Mori K, etal., Sci Rep. 2017 Sep 5;7(1):10468. doi: 10.1038/s41598-017-10319-9.
RGD ID: 13461758
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:28874765
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1038/s41598-017-10319-9

The discovery of neuropeptides provides insights into the regulation of physiological processes. The precursor for the neuropeptide neuromedin U contains multiple consensus sequences for proteolytic processing, suggesting that this precursor might generate additional peptides. We performed immunoaffinity chromatography of rat brain extracts and consequently identified such a product, which we designated neuromedin U precursor-related peptide (NURP). In rat brain, NURP was present as two mature peptides of 33 and 36 residues. Radioimmunoassays revealed NURP immunoreactivity in the pituitary, small intestine, and brain of rats, with the most intense reactivity in the pituitary. Intracerebroventricular administration of NURP to both male and female rats robustly increased plasma concentrations of prolactin but not of other anterior pituitary hormones. In contrast, NURP failed to stimulate prolactin release from dispersed anterior pituitary cells. Pretreatment of rats with bromocriptine, a dopamine receptor agonist, blocked the prolactin-releasing activity of NURP. In rats pretreated with the antagonist sulpiride, intracerebroventricular administration of NURP did not increase plasma prolactin concentrations more than administration of saline. These data suggest that NURP induces prolactin release by acting indirectly on the pituitary; dopamine from the hypothalamus, which inhibits prolactin release, may be involved in this activity of NURP.


Gene Ontology Annotations    

Biological Process

Molecular Function

Objects Annotated

Genes (Rattus norvegicus)
Nmu  (neuromedin U)

Additional Information