RGD Reference Report - Phosphatidylserine binding of class B scavenger receptor type I, a phagocytosis receptor of testicular sertoli cells. - Rat Genome Database

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Phosphatidylserine binding of class B scavenger receptor type I, a phagocytosis receptor of testicular sertoli cells.

Authors: Kawasaki, Y  Nakagawa, A  Nagaosa, K  Shiratsuchi, A  Nakanishi, Y 
Citation: Kawasaki Y, etal., J Biol Chem 2002 Jul 26;277(30):27559-66. Epub 2002 May 16.
RGD ID: 1304245
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:12016218
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1074/jbc.M202879200

Testicular Sertoli cells phagocytose apoptotic spermatogenic cells in a manner depending on the membrane phospholipid phosphatidylserine (PS) expressed at the surface of the latter cell type. Our previous studies have indicated that class B scavenger receptor type I (SR-BI) is responsible for the PS-mediated phagocytosis by Sertoli cells. We examined here whether SR-BI binds directly to PS. A cell line acquired the ability to bind to PS-exposing apoptotic cells and to incorporate PS-containing liposomes when it was forced to express SR-BI. Furthermore, the extracellular domain of rat SR-BI fused with human Fc (SRBIecd-Fc) bound to PS with a dissociation equilibrium constant of 2.4 x 10(-7) m in a cell-free solid-phase assay, whereas other phospholipids including phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylinositol, and phosphatidylcholine were poor binding targets. The binding activity was enhanced when CaCl(2) was included in the assay or when SRBIecd-Fc was pre-treated with N-glycanase. A portion of the extracellular domain spanning amino acid positions 33 and 191 (numbered with respect to the amino terminus) fused with Fc (SRBI33-191-Fc) showed activity and phospholipid specificity equivalent to those of SRBIecd-Fc. Finally, SRBI33-191-Fc bound to the surface of apoptotic cells with externalized PS, and the injection of SRBI33-191-Fc into the seminiferous tubules of live mice increased the number of apoptotic spermatogenic cells. These results allowed us to conclude that SR-BI is a phagocytosis-inducing PS receptor of Sertoli cells.

Annotation

Gene Ontology Annotations    

Biological Process

Molecular Function

Objects Annotated

Genes (Rattus norvegicus)
Scarb1  (scavenger receptor class B, member 1)


Additional Information