RGD Reference Report - Intestinal lipoproteins in the rat with D-(+)-galactosamine hepatitis. - Rat Genome Database
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Intestinal lipoproteins in the rat with D-(+)-galactosamine hepatitis.

Authors: Black, D D  Tso, P  Weidman, S  Sabesin, S M 
Citation: Black DD, etal., J Lipid Res. 1983 Aug;24(8):977-92.
RGD ID: 12904654
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:6631239

D-(+)-galactosamine (GalN) induces severe reversible hepatocellular injury in the rat accompanied by lecithin: cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT) deficiency, defective chylomicron (CM) catabolism, and accumulation of abnormal plasma lipoproteins (Lps), including discoidal high density lipoproteins (HDL). These abnormalities are presumed to result from hepatic injury alone, but the effect of GalN on intestinal Lps has not been studied. To assess possible effects on intestinal Lp formation and secretion, mesenteric lymph fistula rats were injected with GalN or saline. Twenty-four hours later a 2-hr fasting lymph sample was collected; this was followed by an 8-hr duodenal infusion of a lipid emulsion containing 17.7 mM [3H]triolein at 3 ml/hr. Fasting lymph and fat-infused lymph flow rates, 3H, triglyceride, and cholesterol output, residual 3H in intestinal lumen and mucosa, total 3H recovery, and d less than 1.006 g/ml Lp size and lipid composition were unchanged by GalN treatment, but d less than 1.006 g/ml Lps were depleted of apoE and C. Fat-infused lymph phospholipid (PL) output was higher in GalN rats due to PL-enriched d greater than 1.006 g/ml Lps. Electron microscopy of lymph and plasma LDL and HDL revealed spherical Lps in all samples. GalN plasma, fasting lymph, and fat-infused lymph also contained large abnormal LDL and discoidal HDL. Control lymph LDL and HDL did not differ in size from control plasma LDL and HDL. Control lymph LDL contained both apoB240K and B335K. However, spherical LDL and discoidal HDL in fasting lymph from GalN rats differed significantly in size from the corresponding plasma particles and became closer in size to the plasma particles with fat infusion. GalN lymph LDL contained only apoB240K and had a lower PL/CE than GalN plasma LDL. GalN fasting lymph HDL, depleted of apoC and having a PL/CE of 5, became enriched in apoE and the PL/CE increased to 10 with fat infusion to closely resemble GalN plasma HDL. GalN reduces apoE and C (mainly of hepatic origin) in d less than 1.006 g/ml gut Lps, which may contribute to the CM catabolic defect in GalN rats. Lymph LDL and HDL, especially in fasting lymph, may be partially gut-derived with increased filtration of plasma Lps into lymph with fat infusion. GalN fat-infused lymph HDL is enriched in apoE, but unable to transfer apoE to d less than 1.006 g/ml intestinal Lps. We conclude that GalN hepatitis is a model that allows study of intestinal Lps with normal lipid digestion and absorption in the face of severe hepatic injury and LCAT deficiency.

Annotation

Gene Ontology Annotations    

Biological Process

Cellular Component
chylomicron  (IDA)

Objects Annotated

Genes (Rattus norvegicus)
Apoe  (apolipoprotein E)


Additional Information