RGD Reference Report - Antenatal glucocorticoid therapy suppresses angiotensin-converting enzyme activity in rats with nitrofen-induced congenital diaphragmatic hernia. - Rat Genome Database
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Antenatal glucocorticoid therapy suppresses angiotensin-converting enzyme activity in rats with nitrofen-induced congenital diaphragmatic hernia.

Authors: Okoye, B O  Losty, P D  Fisher, M J  Hughes, A T  Lloyd, D A 
Citation: Okoye BO, etal., J Pediatr Surg. 1998 Feb;33(2):286-91.
RGD ID: 12859277
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:9498404


BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Neonates with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) have a high morbidity and mortality rate caused by pulmonary hypoplasia associated with pulmonary hypertension (PH). In experimental CDH, antenatal glucocorticoid therapy improves surfactant biochemical immaturity, enhances lung compliance, and induces morphological maturation in CDH rats. The effects of steroid therapy on preventing or treating PH in this condition have not been studied. Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE), which is produced by the vascular endothelium, is implicated in the pathogenesis of pulmonary hypertension. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of antenatal glucocorticoid therapy on ACE activity and expression in CDH rat lungs.
METHODS: CDH was induced in fetal rats by the maternal administration of 100 mg nitrofen on day 9.5 of gestation (term, day 22). Dexamethasone (Dex) (0.25 mg/kg) was given by intraperitoneal injection on days 18.5 and 19.5 before delivery of the fetuses by cesarean section on day 21.5. Control animals received olive oil (OO) by gavage and normal saline (NS) as vehicle injection. ACE activity was measured spectrophotometrically in the lungs of rats from four treatment groups: CDH-NS, non-CDH-NS, CDH-Dex, and OO-NS controls. Total lung ACE activity (mU per lung) was significantly lower in CDH-NS (P = .002) and CDH-Dex (P = .004) rats compared with non-CDH-NS and OO-NS controls (9.1 +/- 1.0 and 10.7 +/- 1.3 v 16.2 +/- 1.6 and 15.4 +/- 1.7). When specific ACE activity (mU/mg protein) was derived by expressing ACE activity per milligram of lung protein, CDH-NS animals showed elevated specific ACE activity (P = .05) compared with OO-NS controls (6.31 +/- 1.1 v 4.4 +/- 0.4). CDH-Dex animals had a significantly lower specific ACE activity (P = .01) compared with CDH-NS and Non-CDH-NS rats (4.0 +/- 0.4 v 6.31 +/- 1.1 and 5.83 +/- 0.54). The specific ACE activity levels of CDH-Dex rats were equivalent to those seen in the lungs of OO-NS controls (P = .24).
CONCLUSION: Antenatal steroid therapy, by suppressing pulmonary ACE activity, may reduce the risk of pulmonary hypertension developing in human newborns with antenatally diagnosed CDH.

Annotation

Disease Annotations    

Objects Annotated

Genes (Rattus norvegicus)
Ace  (angiotensin I converting enzyme)

Genes (Mus musculus)
Ace  (angiotensin I converting enzyme (peptidyl-dipeptidase A) 1)

Genes (Homo sapiens)
ACE  (angiotensin I converting enzyme)


Additional Information