RGD Reference Report - Notochord anomalies in the adriamycin rat model: A morphologic and molecular basis for the VACTERL association. - Rat Genome Database

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Notochord anomalies in the adriamycin rat model: A morphologic and molecular basis for the VACTERL association.

Authors: Gillick, J  Mooney, E  Giles, S  Bannigan, J  Puri, P 
Citation: Gillick J, etal., J Pediatr Surg. 2003 Mar;38(3):469-73; discussion 469-73.
RGD ID: 12801426
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:12632369
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1053/jpsu.2003.50081

BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: The Adriamycin rat model (ARM) is a reliable model of the VACTERL association. The notochord is structurally abnormal in the region of the foregut, midgut, and hindgut in the ARM. The authors hypothesised that notochord anomalies allow ectopic expression of molecular signals in the developing embryo and thus lead to VACTERL malformations. This study was designed to investigate this hypothesis.
METHODS: Adriamycin (1.75 mg/kg) was administered intraperitoneally to pregnant rats on days 7, 8, and 9 of gestation. Control animals were given saline. Embryos were recovered on gestational days 10.5 to 14 at (1/2)-day intervals and at full term. The first group of embryos were embedded in resin, and sagittal sections stained with Toluidine blue were studied for morphologic abnormalities. The second group of embryos were examined using in situ hybridization for the expression of Sonic Hedgehog (Shh), a patterning gene implicated in the etiology of the VACTERL association.
RESULTS: Twenty-seven of the 28 (96.4%) full-term embryos showed VACTERL anomalies. Forty-five of the 50 (90%) experimental embryos (gestational days 10.5 to 14) showed notochord abnormalities. Abnormal ventral branches from the notochord toward the gut were a commonly observed abnormality. These were seen to impinge on the developing foregut, midgut, dorsal aorta, and kidney. In situ hybridization for Shh showed that these branches from the notochord expressed Shh in 66.6% of experimental embryos. This abnormal Shh expression was not seen in the control embryos.
CONCLUSIONS: Adriamycin diffusely induces altered notochord morphology in the rat embryo. The abnormal notochord morphology may allow ectopic expression of Sonic Hedgehog, and, thus, contribute to the malformations found in the VACTERL association.


Disease Annotations    

Objects Annotated

Genes (Rattus norvegicus)
Shh  (sonic hedgehog signaling molecule)

Genes (Mus musculus)
Shh  (sonic hedgehog)

Genes (Homo sapiens)
SHH  (sonic hedgehog signaling molecule)

Additional Information