RGD Reference Report - Characterization of the activation of rat liver beta-glucosidase by sialosylgangliotetraosylceramide. - Rat Genome Database

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Characterization of the activation of rat liver beta-glucosidase by sialosylgangliotetraosylceramide.

Authors: Basu, A  Glew, R H 
Citation: Basu A and Glew RH, J Biol Chem. 1985 Oct 25;260(24):13067-73.
RGD ID: 12791012
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:3932339

We show that sialosylgangliotetraosylceramide (GM1) is a potent activator of delipidated (sodium cholate- and 1-butanol-extracted) lysosomal rat liver glucocerebroside:beta-glucosidase. Stimulation of 4-methylumbelliferyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside hydrolysis by the beta-glucosidase was markedly dependent upon the concentration of GM1 in the assay medium. Estimations of critical micellar concentration (CMC) performed fluorometrically using the dye N-phenylnaphthylamine revealed two CMC values of GM1 above 18 degrees C; the CMC of the primary micelles (3.32 microM) was temperature-independent whereas that of the secondary micelles decreased with decreasing temperature (17.2 and 10.8 microM at 37 and 20 degrees C, respectively). In the temperature range of 18-39 degrees C, beta-glucosidase activity increased sharply when the GM1 concentration was above the CMC of the secondary micelles. Although a heat-stable factor, purified from the spleen of a patient with Gaucher's disease, had a profound effect on the activation of beta-glucosidase by GM1, it decreased the CMC only slightly (14.8 versus 17.2 microM at 37 degrees C). The heat-stable factor (8 micrograms/ml) changed the shape of the activation curve from sigmoidal to hyperbolic, suggesting that the heat-stable factor permits beta-glucosidase to be activated by primary micelles or monomers. The results of gel filtration chromatography and sucrose gradient centrifugation in H2O and D2O revealed that the activation of beta-glucosidase by GM1 was associated with an increase in the size of the enzyme from 45,800 to 178,500 daltons and an increase in the partial specific volume from 0.697 to 0.740 ml/g. The active, reconstituted beta-glucosidase appears to consist of 50% protein and 50% ganglioside (56 molecules/178,500 g). Concentrations of GM1 below the CMC of secondary micelles increased the rate of inactivation of the enzyme by the irreversible inhibitor conduritol B epoxide at 37 degrees C, indicating that GM1 monomers or primary micelles do interact with the enzyme, even though they do not increase the rate of hydrolysis of 4-methylumbelliferyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside by the enzyme.

Annotation

Gene Ontology Annotations    

Biological Process

Objects Annotated

Genes (Rattus norvegicus)
Gba  (glucosylceramidase beta)


Additional Information