RGD Reference Report - Phosphorylation-driven assembly of the RIP1-RIP3 complex regulates programmed necrosis and virus-induced inflammation. - Rat Genome Database

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Phosphorylation-driven assembly of the RIP1-RIP3 complex regulates programmed necrosis and virus-induced inflammation.

Authors: Cho, Young Sik  Challa, Sreerupa  Moquin, David  Genga, Ryan  Ray, Tathagat Dutta  Guildford, Melissa  Chan, Francis Ka-Ming 
Citation: Cho YS, etal., Cell. 2009 Jun 12;137(6):1112-23. doi: 10.1016/j.cell.2009.05.037.
RGD ID: 127229939
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:19524513
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1016/j.cell.2009.05.037

Programmed necrosis is a form of caspase-independent cell death whose molecular regulation is poorly understood. The kinase RIP1 is crucial for programmed necrosis, but also mediates activation of the prosurvival transcription factor NF-kappaB. We postulated that additional molecules are required to specifically activate programmed necrosis. Using a RNA interference screen, we identified the kinase RIP3 as a crucial activator for programmed necrosis induced by TNF and during virus infection. RIP3 regulates necrosis-specific RIP1 phosphorylation. The phosphorylation of RIP1 and RIP3 stabilizes their association within the pronecrotic complex, activates the pronecrotic kinase activity, and triggers downstream reactive oxygen species production. The pronecrotic RIP1-RIP3 complex is induced during vaccinia virus infection. Consequently, RIP3(-/-) mice exhibited severely impaired virus-induced tissue necrosis, inflammation, and control of viral replication. Our findings suggest that RIP3 controls programmed necrosis by initiating the pronecrotic kinase cascade, and that this is necessary for the inflammatory response against virus infections.



Disease Annotations    
vaccinia  (IMP,ISO)

Objects Annotated

Genes (Rattus norvegicus)
Ripk3  (receptor-interacting serine-threonine kinase 3)

Genes (Mus musculus)
Ripk3  (receptor-interacting serine-threonine kinase 3)

Genes (Homo sapiens)
RIPK3  (receptor interacting serine/threonine kinase 3)


Additional Information