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Sialic acid specificity of myelin-associated glycoprotein binding.

Authors: Collins, B E  Yang, L J  Mukhopadhyay, G  Filbin, M T  Kiso, M  Hasegawa, A  Schnaar, R L 
Citation: Collins BE, etal., J Biol Chem. 1997 Jan 10;272(2):1248-55.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:8995428

Myelin-associated glycoprotein (MAG), a nervous system cell adhesion molecule, is an I-type lectin that binds to sialylated glycoconjugates, including gangliosides bearing characteristic structural determinants (Yang, L. J.-S., Zeller, C. B., Shaper, N. L., Kiso, M., Hasegawa, A., Shapiro, R. E., and Schnaar, R. L. (1996) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 93, 814-818). Two cell adhesion systems, COS-1 monkey kidney fibroblasts transiently transfected to express MAG and Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells stably transfected to express MAG, were used to probe the structural specificity of MAG-ganglioside binding. Both cell types bound to the same gangliosides: GQ1b alpha (IV3NeuAc,III6NeuAc,II3(NeuAc)2Gg4Cer) > GT1b = GD1a > GM3 > GM1, GD1b, and GQ1b (the latter do not support adhesion). Binding was enhanced by pretreatment of MAG-expressing cells with neuraminidase. MAG-expressing Chinese hamster ovary cells bound directly to gangliosides resolved on thin layer chromatograms, allowing detection of MAG binding species in a mixture. The simplest ganglioside ligand for MAG was GM3 bearing N-acetylneuraminic acid, whereas GM3 bearing N-glycolylneuraminic acid did not support adhesion. Chemical modifications of N-acetylneuraminic acid residues (on GD1a) abrogated MAG binding. Mild periodate oxidation of sialic acids to their corresponding seven-carbon (or eight-carbon) sialic acid aldehydes abolished MAG binding, as did further conversion to the corresponding primary alcohols. Eliminating the anionic charge by ethyl esterification, amidation, or reduction also abolished MAG-mediated cell adhesion. These data demonstrate that MAG-ganglioside binding is highly specific and defines key carbohydrate structural determinants for MAG-mediated cell adhesion to gangliosides.

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RGD ID: 12050139
Created: 2017-01-21
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2017-01-21
Status: ACTIVE



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